- The Greek words "pro," which means before, and "karyon," which means kernel, are combined to form the word "prokaryote."
- They are the earliest known group of creatures, with fossil records dating back roughly 3.5 billion years.
- Prokaryotic cells are those that do not contain a nucleus.
- In prokaryotic cells, DNA is located in the cytoplasm rather than being encased in a nuclear membrane.
- Bacteria and other single-celled organisms have prokaryotic cells.
- Prokaryotic cells are found in living things called prokaryotes.
- The word "eukaryotic" comes from the Greek words "eu" for "good" and "karyon" for "kernel," which indicates that these organisms contain real nuclei.
- Prokaryotes are less sophisticated and less developed than eukaryotes.
- Eukaryotic cells contain the nucleus.
- Only multicellular organisms have eukaryotic cells, which are bigger than prokaryotic cells.
- Eukaryotes are organisms with eukaryotic cells, which include fungi, mammals, protists, and plants.
- Eukaryotic cells feature extra organelles in addition to the nucleus.
- A cytoplasmic structure known as an organelle performs a particular task for the cell.
How is a prokaryotic cell different from a eukaryotic cell?
Prokaryotic cells have only one cell, whereas eukaryotic cells might have one or more cells. Prokaryotic cells lack a nucleus, whereas eukaryotic cells have one. Prokaryotic cells divide through binary fission, while eukaryotic cells do.