How Do Industries Pollute the Environment?

By Esha Dhawan|Updated : September 5th, 2022

Let’s face it. Most industries play a considerable part in polluting the environment. But are you aware of how do industries pollute the environment? Let’s find out. As you know, industries are basically a branch of the economy that produces raw materials, services and goods for our consumption, use or entertainment. However, these industries contribute to various kinds of pollutants and add to the levels of air pollution, water pollution, land pollution, thermal pollution and noise pollution.


Industries pollute the environment through Air pollution, water pollution, land pollution, thermal pollution and noise pollution

So, let’s discuss the various ways in which industries pollute the environment in detail.

  • Air pollution - Industries pollute the air by releasing harmful gases that are produced while creating raw materials. This leads to contamination of air and a decrease in the air quality. Air pollution also has major long-term health hazards. Air pollution can also cause acid rain, which also leads to soil and water pollution.
  • Water pollution - Industries are responsible for discharging inorganic and organic industrial wastes into the water bodies like rivers and lakes, that have led to the increase in water pollution and loss of aquatic life.
  • Land pollution - Industries that produce waste materials like plastic and glass as well as other solids that are non-biodegradable, pollute the soil and cause land pollution. 
  • Thermal pollution - When industries release hot water into river bodies without cooling it, they cause thermal pollution, which affects aquatic life to a major extent. 
  • Noise pollution - Industrial work typically causes a lot of noise which can lead to an increase in stress and other health issues in humans such as blood pressure problems and heart diseases.


How Do Industries Pollute the Environment?

Industries pollute the environment in various ways, including air pollution, noise pollution, water pollution, thermal pollution and land pollution. In order to save the earth and its population from climate change and global warming, industries will have to take serious measures to reduce the amount of pollution and their carbon footprint to a great extent.


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