How did Hyderabad become part of India?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 5th, 2022

Hyderabad became part of India in September 1948 due to Operation Polo. The Indian Armed Forces invaded the Nizam-ruled princely state as part of a military operation to become a part of the Indian Union. India launched Operation Polo because it could not allow a state as prominent and wealthy as Hyderabad to remain an independent entity out of concern that it might lead to other requests for independence from other recently created states.

History of Hyderabad State

  • Hyderabad Liberation Day is observed annually by Telangana devotees, who, geographically speaking, make up the majority of the erstwhile Hyderabad state, except the regions that are now a part of Maharashtra and Karnataka.
  • However, if people were aware of the violence that occurred at the time, they would understand there isn't much to rejoice about.
  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Patel agreed it was time for the Army to enter Hyderabad after hearing reports that the Nizam's Army was killing innocent citizens.
  • Although "Operation Polo" and "Operation Caterpillar" were their official names, "Police Action" was the name most people knew it.


How did Hyderabad become part of India?

In September 1948, Hyderabad became a part of India due to Operation Polo. The Indian Armed Forces attacked the princely state governed by the Nizam as part of an invasion campaign to join the Indian Union.


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