How did feudalism end?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 3rd, 2022

The socioeconomic changes in Europe in the 16th century contributed to the decline of feudalism. By the 1500s, the military features of feudalism had disappeared since the aristocracy had hired professional armies rather than maintaining standing armies made up of peasants.

End of Feudalism

Due to the Black Death's population drop and the lower classes' ability to demand better wages for their labor, the nobility's power over them was also lessened.

  • In the 9th and 10th centuries, the feudal system initially arose in the Frankish territories.
  • It can be safely said that feudalism emerged from the condition of society arising from the disintegration of Roman institutions and the further disruption of Germanic inroads and settlements.
  • However, the long-running debate among scholars as to whether its institutional basis was Roman or Germanic remains somewhat inconclusive.
  • However, in places unaffected by Roman traditions, the feudal system was a step closer to organization and centralization than the advent of feudalism in territories previously dominated by Roman institutions.
  • The system made use of and changed existing institutions.
  • The Roman villa, with its unusual type of rental, the precarium—a temporary grant of property that the grantor might revoke at any time—was significant economically.
  • The manorial system was created due to an increase in poor landowners who gave their land to a protector and then received it back as a precarium.
  • The manorial system could have also evolved from the Germanic village, as it did in England.


How did feudalism end?

The end of feudalism was aided by the socioeconomic changes in Europe throughout the 16th century. Because the nobility hired professional armies rather than keeping standing armies made up of peasants by the 1500s, feudalism's military characteristics vanished.


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