Formation of Landforms
Landforms are formed by both endogenous and exogenous forces.
- Endogenous Forces: Endogenous forces are the pressure in the earth, also called internal forces. It contributes to vertical and horizontal movements and leads to subsidence, volcanism, uplift, folding, faulting, earthquakes, etc.
- Exogenous Forces: Forces that derive their power from outside the earth or originate from the earth's atmosphere are called exogenous forces or external forces.
How are the landforms formed?
Both endogenous and exogenous forces form summary Landforms. The formation on the surface of the earth that is part of the terrain is a landform. The four types of landforms are mountains, plateaus, hills, and plains. Small landforms are canyons, ridges, basins, and valleys.