How are the landforms formed?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 4th, 2022

Landforms are formed by both endogenous and exogenous forces. A landform is a formation on the surface of the earth that is part of the terrain. The movement of tectonic plates beneath the Earth can create landforms by displacing mountains and hills. Erosion by water and wind can wear away the earth and create similar landforms, valleys, and canyons. Both processes take place over long periods. The four main landforms are mountains, plateaus, hills, and plains. Small landforms include ridges, canyons, valleys, and basins.

Formation of Landforms

Landforms are formed by both endogenous and exogenous forces.

  • Endogenous Forces: Endogenous forces are the pressure in the earth, also called internal forces. It contributes to vertical and horizontal movements and leads to subsidence, volcanism, uplift, folding, faulting, earthquakes, etc.
  • Exogenous Forces: Forces that derive their power from outside the earth or originate from the earth's atmosphere are called exogenous forces or external forces.

Summary:

How are the landforms formed?

Both endogenous and exogenous forces form summary Landforms. The formation on the surface of the earth that is part of the terrain is a landform. The four types of landforms are mountains, plateaus, hills, and plains. Small landforms are canyons, ridges, basins, and valleys.

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