Highest Peak in India

By K Balaji|Updated : December 13th, 2022

The Highest Peak in India is Kangchenjunga which is 8586 metres high and located in Sikkim. It is situated on the India-Nepal border and ranked third highest in the world. India is a diverse nation because it is home to many different cultures, languages, and even geographical regions. India is also home to the highest mountain range in the world, i.e., the Himalayas. The other mountains included in the list of the highest peak in India are Nanda Devi, Kamet, Saltoro Kangri, etc.

Below, we have provided the list of the state-wise highest mountain peak in India, which is frequently asked in the Geography section of UPSC Prelims and Mains exams. These highest peaks in India mainly lie in the Karakoram and Garhwal Himalayas. Additionally, Anamudi is the highest peak in the Western Ghats, and Mahendragiri is the highest peak in Indian Eastern Ghats.

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Highest Peak in India

There are mountain ranges, hill towns, and towering peaks higher than 3000 m on the Indian subcontinent. The highest peak in India is found in the Himalayan and the most well-known mountain ranges. More than 100 peaks in India, Pakistan, Nepal, China, and Bhutan are higher than 7000 metres.

Which is the Highest Peak in India?

Kanchenjunga is the highest peak in India, and it is also the third-highest peak in the world. Its top is located in the Kangchenjunga Himal, a region of the Himalayas bordered to the west by the Tamur River, to the north by the Lhonak River and the Jongsang La, and to the east by the Teesta River. Its summit is 8,586 m (28,169 ft) above sea level.

Three of the five highest mountain peaks in India, Main, Central, and South, are directly on the boundary between Sikkim, India, and Nepal; the other two, West and Kangbachen, are in Nepal's Taplejung District. The Himalayas in India stretch more than 2500 kilometres from west to east, and the Trans Himalayas, Purvachal Himalayan ranges, and Western Ghats are other tall mountain ranges in India.

Highest Mountain Peak in India: State-Wise List

India is home to natural topography, mountains, valleys, and the Himalayas. The table below contains information on the state-wise list of highest peaks in India, rank, height, and location:

Mountain Name

Range

Height in Meter

State

Rank in India

Kangchenjunga

Himalayas

8586

Sikkim

1

Nanda Devi

Garhwal Himalaya

7816

Uttarakhand

2

Kamet

Garhwal Himalaya

7756

Uttarakhand

3

Saltoro Kangri / K10

Saltoro Karakoram

7742

Ladakh

4

Saser Kangri I / K22

Saser Karakoram

7672

Ladakh

5

Mamostong Kangri / K35

Rimo Karakoram

7516

Ladakh

6

Saser Kangri II E

Saser Karakoram

7513

Ladakh

7

Saser Kangri III

Saser Karakoram

7495

Ladakh

8

Teram Kangri I

Siachen Karakoram

7462

Ladakh

9

Jongsong Peak

Kangchenjunga Himalaya

7462

Sikkim

10

K12

Saltoro Karakoram

7428

Ladakh

11

Kabru N

Kangchenjunga Himalaya

7412

Sikkim

12

Ghent Kangri

Saltoro Karakoram

7401

Ladakh

13

Rimo I

Rimo Karakoram

7385

Ladakh

14

Teram Kangri III

Siachen Karakoram

7382

Ladakh

15

Kirat Chuli

Kangchenjunga Himalaya

7362

Sikkim

16

Mana Peak

Garhwal Himalaya

7272

Uttarakhand

17

Apsarasas Kangri

Siachen Karakoram

7245

Ladakh

18

Mukut Parbat

Garhwal Himalaya

7242

Uttarakhand

19

Rimo III

Rimo Karakoram

7233

Ladakh

20

Singhi Kangri

Siachen Karakoram

7202

Ladakh

21

Hardeol

Kumaon

Himalaya

7161

Uttarakhand

22

Chaukhamba I / Badrinath Peak

Garhwal Himalaya

7138

Uttarakhand

23

Nun-Kun

Zanskar Himalaya

7135

Ladakh

24

Pauhunri

Sikkim Himalaya

7128

Sikkim

25

Pathibhara / The Pyramid

Kangchenjunga Himalaya

7123

Sikkim

26

Trisul I

Kumaon Himalaya

7120

Uttarakhand

27

Satopanth

Garhwal Himalaya

7075

Uttarakhand

28

Tirsuli

Garhwal Himalaya

7074

Uttarakhand

29

Chong Kumdang Ri

Rimo Karakoram

7071

Ladakh

30

Top 10 Highest Peak in India

The Himalayan range borders the country's north and north-eastern regions. The Aravalli Range in North Western India has the country's oldest mountains. Below we have provided a detailed description of all the essential highest peaks in India:

Kangchenjunga (Sikkim):

At 8,586 meters or 28,169 feet, Kangchenjunga or Kanchenjunga, which is the Highest Mountain in India, is located in Sikkim and is the highest mountain peak in (Mainland) India. Besides being the highest peak in India, it is also the World's third-highest mountain.

Kangchenjunga's literal meaning is 'The Five Treasures of Snows.' The five treasures are gold, silver, grain, gems, and holy books. Kangchenjunga is situated close to the Nepal-India border. Kangchenjunga was believed to be the World's tallest mountain until 1852. However, great deliberations on the records of the Great Trigonometrical Survey of India in 1849 proved Mount Everest is the World's tallest mountain.

Nanda Devi (Uttarakhand):

At 7,816 meters or 25,643 feet, Nanda Devi is the second highest peak in India. Unlike Kangchenjunga, which lies on the Indo-Nepal border, Nanda Devi is entirely situated inside Indian territory. As a result, it is the World's 23rd highest mountain peak.

Nanda Devi means 'Bliss-Giving Goddess'. Locals from the Garhwal and Kumaon Himalayas consider Nanda Devi, their patron goddess. In 1988, UNESCO declared the Nanda Devi National Park surrounding Nanda Devi as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Kamet Peak (Uttarakhand):

At 7,756 meters or 25,446 feet, Kamet Peak is the third highest peak in India. It is a part of the Zaskar mountain range and is situated in the Chamoli District of the Garhwal Himalayas.

The peak is close to Tibet and surrounded by mighty peaks like Mukut Parbat, Abi Gamin, and Mana Peak. Due to its location, Kamet is not easily accessible by trekkers and climbers. The terrain is treacherous and carries tremendous avalanche risks.

☛ Read about Which is the Highest Peak of the Eastern Ghat?

Saltoro Kangri (Jammu & Kashmir):

At 7,7,42 meters or 25,400 feet, Saltoro Kangri is the fourth highest mountain peak in India. Saltoro Kangri is also the tallest mountain in the Saltoro Mountains subrange of the Karakoram.

The Saltoro Kangri mountain range has two peaks, Saltoro Kangri I in the South and Saltoro Kangri II. Saltoro Kangri is situated on the border of Indian-controlled Siachen and the Pakistan-controlled region west of the Saltoro range. Saltoro hosts some of the World's longest glaciers.

Saser Kangri (Jammu & Kashmir):

At 7,672 meters or 25,170 feet, Saser Kangri is the fifth highest peak in India. It is a part of Saser Muztagh in the Karakoram range and lies within the territory of Ladakh. Saser Kangri is recognized for its five magnificent summits and picturesque views.

Mamostong Kangri Peak (Ladakh):

Mamostong Kangri mountain peak is the 6th highest peak in India, holding a height of 7,516 m (24,659 ft). It is situated close to the Siachen Glacier. It comes at the 48th position for the highest peak in World.

Mamostong holds the highest summit in the sub-ranges of Rimo Mustagh of the Great Karakoram range. This mountain peak is located in Jammu & Kashmir.

Rimo Peak:

Rimo is a portion of the prominent Karakoram ranges that enhances the northern side of Rimo Muztagh. The Rimo contains four mountain peaks, and Rimo I is considered the tallest. Karakoram Pass, considered the crucial trade route in central Asia, is situated northeast of the Rimo Mountains.

This mountain peak is 7,385 m (24,229 ft) above sea level and is included in the Siachen Glacier. The location of this seventh highest peak in India is Jammu & Kashmir.

Hardeol Peak:

Hardeol Mountain Peak is situated in the Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand and occupies the eighth position on the list of the highest mountain in India. The mountain peak provides elegance to the Milam valley in Uttarakhand.

Hardeol is known as the Temple of God. It is one of the most famous summits in the Kumaon Himalayas. The height of Hardeol is 7,151 m (23,461 ft), is discovered in the northern parts of the Kumaon Sanctuary, and touches the Nanda Devi at the borders.

Chaukamba Peak:

The ninth-highest peak in India is Chankamba Peak. It is a part of the Gangotri group, located in the Garhwal Himalaya region of Uttarakhand. The Gangotri Group includes four peaks, with Chaukhamba having the highest position among them.

Chaukamba is named so because of the arrangement of the four peaks, which are close to each other. The mountain peak is elevated at 7,138 m (23,419 ft), while the lowest is at 6,854 m (22,487 ft).

Trisul Peak (Uttarakhand):

The last one on the list of the highest peak in India is Trisul, containing three peaks: Trisul I, Trisul II, and Trisul III. One of the three mountain peaks comprises a specific group of summits situated in the mountainous regions of Kumaon in Uttarakhand state.

The highest mountain peak, Trisul 1, has a height of 7,120 meters. The three peaks got their recognition from the Trishul weapon of Lord Shiva. Parts of Trisul Peak are found close to the Nanda Devi sanctuary.

Highest Peak in India K2 or Kanchenjunga

The altitude of K2 is higher than Kanchenjunga, but still, it is not considered the highest peak in India because it is located in the Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) region. K2 is the world’s second highest mountain peak, while Kanchenjunga is the third highest peak in the world.

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FAQs on Highest Peak in India

  • Kanchenjunga is the highest peak in India, with an altitude of 8586 metres. It is located on the border of Nepal and India in Sikkim. Kanchenjunga ranks third on the list of the highest mountain peaks in the world.

  • The highest mountain peak in India, Kangchenjunga, is located in the Sikkim state of India. Kangchenjunga is situated close to the Nepal-India border. 16 peaks exceed 7,000 metres in the Kangchenjunga Himal region of the Himalayas, which is located in both India and Nepal.

  • Nanda Devi is the second highest peak in India. This mountain peak is situated inside Indian territory and is the world's 23rd highest mountain peak.

  • Kangchenjunga, the tallest mountain in India, stands at 8586 m above sea level. It is also called the Five Treasures of Snow. The mountain is the third highest summit in the world. Download the Highest peak in India PDF from the link here to prepare this topic for various competitive exams.

  • The highest peak in India is Kanchenjunga, located in Sikkim. Its height is 8586 metres. K2 has a higher altitude of 8611 metres, but it is not considered India's highest peak as it is located in Pakistan (on the other side of LOC).

  • The Ernakulam and Idukki districts of Kerala, India, are home to the mountain known as Anamudi. It is the highest peak in South India and the Western Ghats, with a height of 2,695 metres and a topographic prominence of 2,479 metres.

  • Mount K2 is not the highest peak in India, as it is a part of Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. It is also known as Godwin-Austen, and it is the 2nd tallest mountain in the world. The altitude of Mount K2 is 25 metres higher than Kanchenjunga, which is the third tallest mountain in the world.

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