High voltage DC (HVDC) transmission is mainly used for?

By Ritesh|Updated : November 1st, 2022
  1. Bulk power transmission over long distances.
  2. Interconnecting two systems with the same nominal frequency.
  3. Eliminating reactive power requirements in the operation
  4. Minimizing harmonics at the converter stations

High voltage DC (HVDC) transmission is mainly used for bulk power transmission over long distances. Since only two conductors are utilized for transmission in HVDC, the cost of transmission is lower. Reactive power is absent.

High voltage DC (HVDC) Transmission

Transmission losses are thus decreased. For a given amount of electricity, transmission at high voltage results in a lower current. I2R loss is therefore relatively low.

Power can be defined as the amount of work completed in a given amount of time. Watt (W), which is derived from joules per second (J/s), is the SI unit of power. Horsepower (hp), which is roughly equivalent to 745.7 watts, is a unit of measurement sometimes used to describe the power of motor vehicles and other devices.

Power Formula

The rate at which work is performed on an object is referred to as its power. Power is a temporal concept. It has to do with how quickly a task gets completed. The power equation is described below.

Power = Work/time

P = W / t

  • It refers to the rate of energy consumption.
  • It determines how quickly work might be completed.
  • It might alter so that there are now two ways to calculate power.

Instantaneous: The power available at any given time. The average of all instantaneous powers is equal to the total energy utilised divided by the total time. Therefore, HVDC transmission is preferred for the transfer of large amounts of power across very long distances.

Summary:

High voltage DC (HVDC) transmission is mainly used for - (a)Bulk power transmission over long distances (b)Interconnecting two systems with the same nominal frequency (c)Eliminating reactive power requirements in the operation (d)Minimizing harmonics at the converter stations

The principal application for high-voltage DC (HVDC) transmission is the long-distance transmission of large amounts of power.

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