Rules of Active & Passive Voice -Study Notes, Material - All Teaching Exams

By Neha Joshi|Updated : September 17th, 2021

In this article, we should read related to Active & Passive Voice, Important for the CTET Paper-1 & 2

Active voice means that a sentence has a subject that acts upon its verb. Passive voice means that a subject is a recipient of a verb’s action.

Active & Passive Voice is an important topic of English grammar and plays a crucial role in improving the question-solving skills of the English Language. These rules will be so helpful to score better in CTET, DSSSB, UPTET, MPTET, and teaching exams 2021. 

Important Rules on Active Passive Voice

Active: They will do the work

Passive: The work will be done by them.

  • When the person doing the action is the subject, we use an Active verb. But when the subject is what the action is pointed at, then we use a passive verb.

As in the above example, an ACTIVE sentence is the one where the person (THEY) is also the subject of the sentence.

While PASSIVE sentence is the one, where the subject is the action showing word (WORK).

NOTE: However, the sentences only with transitive verb (verb with object) can be changed into a PASSIVE VOICE.

For Example,

Active: The man is running.

Passive: Not Possible as the object after the verb (Running) is missing.

To Recognize the Active & Passive sentences easily ask these questions.

  • What is the action/verb in this sentence?
  • What/who is the subject of this sentence?
  • Is the subject of the sentence PERFORMING the action/verb?

If the answer to the last question is YES, then the sentence is in the ACTIVE voice. If the answer to the last question is NO, then the sentence is in the PASSIVE voice.

General Form:

Active: SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT

Passive: OBJECT (OF ACTIVE VOICE) + HELPING VERB (FORM OF VERB “BE”) + PAST PARTICIPLE OF TRANSITIVE VERB + BY + SUBJECT (if required).

NOTE: Sometimes while converting a sentence from Passive Voice to Active voice, the subject is missing.

For Example,

Passive: The room was cleaned.

Active: Someone cleaned the room.

“BY SOMEONE” is missing from the Passive Sentence.

Conversion of Active to Passive Sentence in different Tenses

  1. Present Simple Tense

Passive Voice: Object + is/am/are + Verb (3rd form) + by + Subject

Active voice: He sings a song.

  • He does not sing a song.
  • Does he sing a song?

Passive voice: A song is sung by him.

  • A song is not sung by him.
  • Is a song sung by him?
  1. Past Simple Tense

Passive voice: Object + was/were + Verb (3rd form) + by + Subject

Active voice: I killed a snake

  • I did not kill a snake.
  • Did I kill a snake?

Passive voice:

  • A snake was killed by me.
  • A snake was not killed by me.
  • Was a snake killed by me?
  1. Future Simple Tense

Passive Voice: Object + will/shall + be + Verb (3rd form) + by + Subject

Active voice: 

  • She will buy a car.
  • She will not buy a car.
  • Will she buy a car?

Passive voice:

  • A car will be bought by her.
  • A car will not be bought by her.
  • Will a car be bought by her?
  1. Present Continuous Tense

Passive Voice: Object + is/am/are + being + Verb (3rd form) + by + Subject

Active voice: 

  • I am writing a letter
  • I am not writing a letter.
  • Am I writing a letter?

Passive voice: 

  • A letter is being written by me.
  • A letter is not being written by me.
  • Is a letter being written by me?
  1. Past Continuous Tense

Passive Voice: Object + was/were + being + Verb (3rd form) + by + Subject

Active voice:

  • He was driving a car.
  • He was not driving a car.
  • Was he driving a car?

 Passive voice:

  • A car was being driven by him.
  • A car was not being driven by him.
  • Was a car being driven by him?
  1. Present Perfect Tense

Passive voice: Object + has/have + been + Verb (3rd form) + by + Subject

Active voice:

  • She has finished her work
  • She has not finished her work.
  • Has she finished her work?

Passive voice:

  • Her work has been finished by her.
  • Her work has not been finished by her.
  • Has her work been finished by her?
  1. Past Perfect Tense

Passive Voice: Object + had + been + Verb (3rd form) + by + Subject

Active voice:

  • They had completed the assignment.
  • They had not completed the assignment.
  • Had they completed the assignment?

Passive voice:

  • The assignment had been completed by them.
  • The assignment had not been completed by them.
  • Had the assignment been completed by them?
  1. Future Perfect Tense

Passive Voice: Object + shall/will + have + been + Verb (3rd form) + by + Subject

Active voice:

  • You will have started the job.
  • You will have not started the job.
  • Will you have started the job?

Passive voice: 

  • The job will have been started by you.
  • The job will not have been started by you.
  • Will the job have been started by you?

Important Points to Remember

  • Future continuous & perfect continuous tenses do not form passive voice.
  • Some verbs cannot be passive like be, belong, exist, lack, resemble, seem, suit, have (= own).

For example:

  • Tom has a guitar.
  • The building seemed empty.
  • The certain verb takes fixed preposition after them that replaces the “by”. Such verb is – known to, surprised at/by, amazed at, astonished at, vexed at, annoyed with/at, contained in, decorated with, filled with, tired of, engulfed in. etc.

For example:

Active: The fire engulfed the building.

Passive: The building was engulfed in the fire.

  • Some verb has two objects like giving, send offer award, etc. The sentence having these words has two possible passive forms.

For example:

Active: He gave me a book.

Passive 1: I was given a book by him.

Passive 2: A book was given to me by him.

 

This article tends to be beneficial for the following exams - REET, UPTET, CTET, Super TETDSSSBKVS, etc.

Suggested Read Books:

Serial No.Book NameAuthor Name
1.High School English Grammar and Composition H. Martin and P. C. Wren
2.Objective General EnglishS.P. Bakshi
 

Thanks!

Sahi Prep Hai to Life Set hai!

 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Posted by:

Neha JoshiNeha JoshiMember since Aug 2019
Postgraduate in Biophysics, Writer and Art Enthusiast
Share this article   |

Comments

write a comment
Load Previous Comments
Renu Kushwaha
Thank you.....👍
Reshav Gautam
Thank you ma'am
Deepshika Gupta
Thank u so much. Such a nice information and well arranged.
Deepa Dubey
Hi i m new student
Raj Yadav

Raj YadavJun 2, 2021

Thanks sir

FAQs

  • Gradeup is now BYJU'S Exam Prep that offers the most comprehensive preparation for all exams. Get Monthly/Weekly Current Affairs, Daily GK Update, Online Courses, Latest Pattern Test Series and detailed Study Material from the top faculty at your fingertips. Want to learn more? Do not hesitate to contact our customer care here.

  •  The weightage of the English Section in the CTET - 30 Marks.

  • Active: They will do the work

    Passive: The work will be done by them.

  • Present Perfect Tense

    Passive voice: Object + has/have + been + Verb (3rd form) + by + Subject

  • Past Perfect Tense

    Passive Voice: Object + had + been + Verb (3rd form) + by + Subject

CTET & Teaching

TETCTETSuper TETUP Jr. TeacherUPTETUP TeacherDSSSBKVSREETHTETExamsTestMeghalaya TET 2021UPPSC GIC Lecturer
tags :CTET & TeachingEnglish LanguageCTET OverviewCTET NotificationCTET Exam DateCTET Application FormCTET Selection Process

CTET & Teaching

TETCTETSuper TETUP Jr. TeacherUPTETUP TeacherDSSSBKVSREETHTETExamsTestMeghalaya TET 2021UPPSC GIC Lecturer
tags :CTET & TeachingEnglish LanguageCTET OverviewCTET NotificationCTET Exam DateCTET Application FormCTET Selection Process

Follow us for latest updates