Fifth-generation computer system
The Japan Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) launched the Fifth Generation Computer Systems (FGCS) initiative in 1982 with the goal of developing computers that use logic programming and massively parallel computing. With supercomputer-like capability, it planned to build an "epoch-making computer" and serve as a foundation for future advancements in artificial intelligence. FGCS was a commercial failure and was ahead of time. FGCS made significant contributions to concurrent logic programming.
The phrase "fifth generation" was used to suggest that the system was cutting-edge. The first generation of computers used vacuum tubes. The second generation used diodes and transistors. The third generation used integrated circuits. The fourth generation used microprocessors. It was widely believed at the time that the fifth generation of computers would instead turn to enormous numbers of CPUs for increased performance, whereas previous computer generations had focused on increasing the number of logic elements in a single CPU.
Characteristics of the fifth computer generation:
- more potent, portable computers
- Cheaper and more dependable
- and easier to create for the market.
- The use of desktop computers is simple.
- extremely productive mainframe computers.
Examples of Fifth Generation of Computers
- Notebooks from IBM.
- PCs of Pentium.
- Workstations of SUN
- IBM SP/2
- Supercomputers with PARAM.
Give five examples of the fifth generation of computers.
The five examples of the fifth generation of computers are IBM SP/2 notebooks, Pentium PCs, SUN workstations, IBM SP/2 desktops, and PARAM supercomputers.