# GATE Metallurgical Engineering Syllabus 2023

By Mrinmay Ganguly|Updated : March 29th, 2022

The GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus 2023 will be released by IIT Kanpur. Metallurgy is a study of metals that also deals with how metals can be safely transformed into products useful for humanity, such as surgical implants, computer chips and so on. The most important step to prepare for the exam is to understand the GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus. If you are planning to prepare for the upcoming exam, you must check the GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus provided below.

GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus 2023 is based on the topics studied at the graduation level and has been divided into 7 sections. An additional section on General Aptitude is also part of the syllabus with about 15% weightage in the question paper. Thus, below we have simplified the GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus along with other important topics that you must know.

## Detailed GATE Metallurgical Engineering Syllabus 2023

GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus 2023 is divided into two sections- General Aptitude (GA) and topics from Metallurgy. The General Aptitude section has a weightage of about 15% in the exam. The syllabus consists of seven sections mentioned below:

• Engineering Mathematics
• Metallurgical Thermodynamics
• Transport Phenomena and Rate Processes
• Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy
• Physical Metallurgy
• Mechanical Metallurgy
• Manufacturing Process

Further, let us now discuss the GATE Metallurgy syllabus 2023 in detail.

## GATE Metallurgy Syllabus - Engineering Mathematics

The Engineering Mathematics section of the GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus 2023 consists of topics such as Numerical Methods, Probability, Euler’s equations, etc. Let us discuss the important topics of this section in detail.

• Linear Algebra: Matrices and Determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues, and Eigenvectors.
• Calculus: Limit, Continuity, Differentiability, Partial derivatives, Maxima and minima, Sequences and series, Test for convergence, and Fourier series.
• Vector Calculus: Gradient, Divergence, Curl, line, Surface and volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss, and Green’s theorems.
• Differential Equations: Linear and non-linear first order ODEs, Higher-order linear ODEs with constant coefficients, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Laplace transforms, PDEs –Laplace, one-dimensional heat and wave equations.
• Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, normal and binomial distributions, Analysis of experimental data, and Linear least-squares method.
• Numerical Methods: Solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations, Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule, Single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

## GATE Metallurgy Syllabus - Metallurgical Thermodynamics

The Metallurgical Thermodynamics section of the GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus 2023 consists of various topics such as Ellingham and phase stability diagrams, Chemical potential, free energy, etc. Let us discuss the important topics of this section in detail.

 Subjects Topics Laws of thermodynamics First law – Energy conservation, Second law – entropyEnthalpy, Gibbs and Helmholtz free energyMaxwell’s relations, Chemical potentialApplications to metallurgical systems, solutions, ideal and regular solutionsGibbs phase rule, phase equilibria, binary phase diagram and lever rule, free-energy vs. composition diagramsEquilibrium constant, Activity, Ellingham, and phase stability diagramsThermodynamics of point defects, surfaces and interfaces, adsorption and segregation phenomena Electrochemistry Single electrode potential, Electrochemical cells, Nernst equation, Potential-pH diagrams

## GATE Metallurgy Syllabus - Transport Phenomena and Rate Processes

The Transport Phenomena and Rate processes section of the GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus 2023 consists of the following important topics.

• Momentum transfer: Concept of viscosity, shell balances, Bernoulli’s equation, mechanical energy balance equation, flow past plane surfaces and through pipes.
• Heat transfer: Conduction, Fourier’s Law, 1-D steady-state conduction.
• Convection: Heat transfer coefficient relations for forced convection.
• Mass transfer: Diffusion and Fick’s laws, mass transfer coefficients.
• Dimensional analysis: Buckingham Pi theorem, Significance of dimensionless numbers.
• Basic laws of chemical kinetics: First-order reactions, the reaction rate constant, Arrhenius relation, heterogeneous reactions, oxidation kinetics.
• Electrochemical kinetics: Polarization.

## GATE Metallurgy Syllabus - Mineral Processing & Extractive Metallurgy

The Mineral Processing and Extractive metallurgy section of the GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus 2023 consists of topics such as Ironmaking, oxidation reactions and inclusion control, etc. Further, let us discuss the topics in detail.

 Subjects Topics Comminution Techniques Size classification, Flotation, Gravity, and other methods of mineral beneficiationAgglomeration: sintering, pelletizing and briquetting Material and Energy balances Principles and processes for the extraction of non-ferrous metals – aluminum, copper, and titanium Iron and steel making Material and heat balance in blast furnaceStructure and properties of slags and molten salts – basicity of slags – sulfide and phosphate capacity of slagsProduction of metallurgical coke,Other methods of iron making (COREX, MIDRE) Primary steelmaking Basic oxygen furnace, process dynamics, oxidation reactions, electric arc furnace Secondary steelmaking Ladle process- deoxidation, argon stirring, desulphurization, inclusion shape control, principles of degassing methods; Basics of stainless steel manufacturing Continuous Casting Fluid flow in the tundish and mould, heat transfer in the mould, segregation, inclusion control

## GATE Metallurgy Syllabus - Physical Metallurgy

The Physical Metallurgy section of the GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus 2023 consists of topics such as Bragg’s law, Atomic models and Gibbs-Thomson effect, etc. Let us discuss the important topics of this section in detail.

• Chemical Bonding: Ionic, covalent, metallic, and secondary bonding in materials, Crystal structure of solids- metals and alloys, ionic and covalent solids, and polymers.
• X-ray Diffraction: Bragg’s law, optical metallography, principles of SEM imaging.
• Diffusion in solids: Diffusion equation, steady-state and error function solutions, Kirkendall effect, Uphill diffusion, Atomic models for interstitial and substitutional diffusion, Pipe diffusion, and grain boundary diffusion.
• Crystal Imperfections: Point, line and surface defects, Coherent, semi-coherent, and incoherent interfaces.
• Phase transformation: Driving force, Homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation, growth kinetics.
• Electronic: Electronic, magnetic, and optical properties of materials.
• Solid-state transformations: Precipitation, spinoidal decomposition, ordering, massive transformation, discontinuous precipitation, eutectoid transformation, diffusionless transformations, Precipitate coarsening, and Gibbs-Thomson effect.
• Basic forms of corrosion: Basic forms of corrosion and its prevention.

## GATE Metallurgy Syllabus - Mechanical Metallurgy

The Mechanical Metallurgy section of the GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus 2023 consists of various topics such as partial dislocations, stress exponent and activation energy, etc. Let us discuss the important topics of this section in detail.

 Subjects Topics Stress-Strain Strain tensor and stress tensor, Representation by Mohr’s circle, elasticity, stiffness and compliance tensor, Yield criteria, Plastic deformation by slip and twinning Dislocation theory Edge, screw and mixed dislocations, source and multiplication of dislocations, stress fields around dislocations; Partial dislocations, dislocation interactions. Strengthening mechanisms Work/strain hardening, strengthening due to grain boundaries, solid solution, precipitation and dispersion Fracture behavior Griffith's theory, linear elastic fracture mechanics, fracture toughness, fractography, ductile to brittle transition Fatigue Cyclic stress-strain behavior- low and high cycle fatigue, crack growth High-temperature deformation and failure Mechanisms of high-temperature deformation and failureCreep and stress rupture, stress exponent and activation energy

## GATE Metallurgy Syllabus - Manufacturing Process

The Manufacturing Process section of the GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus 2023 consists of various topics such as casting practices, metal forming and production of powders, etc. Let us discuss the important topics of this section in detail.

 Subjects Topics Metal casting Mould design involves feeding, gating, risering, casting practices, casting defects Hot, warm and cold working of metals Metal forming- fundamentals of metal forming processes of rolling, forging, extrusion, wire drawing, and sheet metal forming, defects informing Metal joining Principles of soldering, brazing and welding, welding metallurgy, defects in welded joints in steels and aluminum alloys Powder metallurgy Production of powders, compaction, and sintering Non-destructive Testing (NDT) Dye-penetrant, ultrasonic, radiography, eddy current, acoustic emission, and magnetic particle inspection methods

Metallurgical Engineering is an important subject of the GATE syllabus. The GATE Metallurgy syllabus is divided into various sections namely- Engineering Mathematics, Metallurgical Thermodynamics, Transport Phenomena and Rate Processes, Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy, Physical Metallurgy, Mechanical Metallurgy, and Manufacturing Process. Further, candidates can find the syllabus in PDF format for effective preparation for the upcoming exam.

## Best Books for GATE Metallurgical Engineering Syllabus

Candidates can find below the best books to prepare for the syllabus. Candidates must select the right books to prepare for the GATE Metallurgy syllabus 2023. Further, you can check the important books mentioned in the table below.

 Name of Books Author Reasoning and Aptitude Nem Singh Higher Engineering Mathematics B. S. Grewal Manufacturing Process Sandy Khippal Heat and Thermodynamics Amit Chattopadhyay Mechanical Metallurgy George E. Deiter

## Preparation Tips GATE Metallurgy Syllabus

Metallurgical Engineering is one of the most popular subjects in the GATE exam. Before appearing for the examination, candidates must be aware of the various important details such as exam pattern, weightage, important sections, and a lot more. In order to strategize your preparation candidates must follow the below-mentioned preparation tips.

• Understand the GATE Metallurgy syllabus
• Understand the exam pattern, marking scheme, and weightage of topics.
• Identify the important topics.
• Prepare small notes that are easy for revision.
• Attempt previous year's question papers.

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P.priyanka KumariMar 22, 2022

Do i get gate metallurgy class???

## FAQs

• The GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus 2023 constitutes of seven sections namely- Engineering Mathematics, Metallurgical Thermodynamics, Transport Phenomena and Rate Processes, Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy, Physical Metallurgy, and Mechanical Metallurgy & Manufacturing Process.

• As per the GATE Metallurgy syllabus, the important topics in the Mechanical Metallurgy section are- Fatigue, Strengthening mechanisms and dislocation theory.

• The best books which cover the GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus 2023 are:

• Mechanical Metallurgy - George E. Dieter
• Mineral Processing - S.K. Jain
• Manufacturing Processes - R.K. Rajput
• Physical Metallurgy - V. Raghvan
• The section-wise weightage of the GATE syllabus for Metallurgy is given below:

• General Aptitude - 15%
• Engineering Mathematics - 15%
• Metallurgical Thermodynamics - 10%
• Transport Phenomena and Rate Processes - 10%
• Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy - 5%
• Physical Metallurgy - 20%
• Mechanical Metallurgy - 15%
• Manufacturing Process - 10%
• The best books for the Transport Phenomena and Rate Processes section of the GATE Metallurgy syllabus are:

• An Introduction to Transport Phenomena in Materials Engineering - David Gaskell
• Rate Processes in Metallurgy - Mohanty A.K.
• As per the GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus, the important topics in the Manufacturing Processes section are- Hot, warm & cold working of metals, Metal Casting, Non-destructive Testing, Powder metallurgy, and Metal joining.

• You can follow the below-mentioned preparatory tips to prepare the GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus 2023.

• Set a target to complete 1-2 topics in a day.