Who is called the Father of Indian Civil Service?

By Ritika Pant|Updated : January 31st, 2023

The Father of Indian Civil Service is Charles Cornwallis for his extraordinary efforts. He was designated to serve both as Commander-in-Chief of British India and the Governor of the Fort William Presidency in 1786. Lord Cornwallis or Charles Cornwallis (Father of Indian Civil Service) was a British Army general. He was officially titled Viscount Brome between 1753 and 1762 and was known as Earl Cornwallis between 1762 and 1792. The current civil services of India are predominantly based on the imprint of the former Indian Civil Service of British India.

Father of Indian Civil Service

Charles Cornwallis, who is known as the Father of Indian Civil Service, improved and contemporized the Civil Services' inner workings, though Warren Hastings was notable for spreading the earlier foundations of Civil Services in India.

There were two kinds of civil service in India:

  • Covenanted Civil Services (Higher Civil Services);
  • Uncovenanted Civil Services (Lower Civil Services).

The Civil Service Covenant was constituted of only English personnel controlling higher government positions.

  • Partition of tax management from the Indian Judiciary administration was the underlying vision.
  • The uncovenanted civil service was executed only to facilitate the entry of Indians.
  • The current civil services of India are predominantly based on the imprint of the former Indian Civil Service of British India.

Summary:

Who is called the Father of Indian Civil Service?

Charles Cornwallis is considered the Father of Indian Civil Service for his measures. Lord Cornwallis presented covenanted Civil Services, while the Law of the Company presented the uncovenanted Civil Services.

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FAQs on Father of Indian Civil Service

  • Charles Cornwallis is the Father of Indian Civil Service for his measures. Lord Cornwallis, or Charles Cornwallis, was a British Army general officially titled Viscount Brome between 1753 and 1762 and was known as Earl Cornwallis between 1762 and 1792.

  • Lord Cornwallis first introduced Civil Services in India and was known as the Father of Indian Civil Service.

    • He was one of the Governor General of Bengal (India).
    • Initially, only Europeans were designated as officers in the Indian Civil Services.

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