Explain What is Meant by the 1848 Revolution of the Liberals. What were the Political, Social and Economic Ideas Supported by the Liberals?

By Mandeep Kumar|Updated : November 1st, 2022

In the 1848 revolution of the liberals, the demands for constitutionalism with national unification of men and women of Germany, Italy, Poland, and Austro-Hungarian were combined. They demanded the creation of a nation-state on parliamentary principles like a constitution, freedom of the press, and freedom of association. The hungry and jobless peasants, workers, and educated middle class launched the 1848 revolution to achieve their demands for constitutionalism and national unification.

1848 Revolution - Political, Social and Economic Ideas

Political organisations from the German regions, whose members were middle-class professionals, businessmen, and prosperous artisans, gathered in Frankfurt. They opted for an all-German National Assembly. The issue of granting women political rights was divisive within the liberal movement.

  • They did not want a class-biased environment in the social context. Women founded newspapers, political organisations, and so on. They actively participated in political rallies and fought for the right to vote.
  • Economically, liberals demanded market freedom and property rights. They demanded that the government lift restrictions on the flow of capital and goods. Conservative forces suppressed liberal activity in 1848.

The 1848 Revolution of the Liberals

The 1848 revolution was initiated by the hungry and jobless peasants, workers, and educated middle class to achieve their demands for constitutionalism and national unification. With the exception of the Scandinavian countries, Russia, and Spain, the February 24 Revolution in France spread revolutionary movements throughout Europe, beginning with a small-scale war in Sicily, Italy, in January 1848.

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FAQs on 1848 Revolution of the Liberals

  • The liberals of the 1848 revolution combined their demands for constitutionalism with national unification. The Frankfurt parliament convened in the Church of St Paul. The parliament was dominated by the middle classes who resisted the demands of workers and artisans and hence lost their support.

  • A series of republican revolts against European monarchies, beginning in Sicily and spreading to France, Germany, Italy, and the Austrian Empire was the 1848 Revolution.

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