Explain the Steps Involved in the Production of Wool

By K Balaji|Updated : January 24th, 2023

The steps involved in the production of wool are Shearing, Scouring, Sorting, Combing, Carding, Dyeing, and Spinning. Wool is the textile fibre from sheep or other hairy mammals like goats and camels. Wool is made up of the protein keratin. One wool fibre can be bent more than 20,000 times without breaking, so it is considered stronger than steel.

Steps in Production of Wool

The textile material known as wool is derived from sheep and other mammals, including goats, rabbits, camels and camelids. The phrase can also describe inorganic substances resembling animal wool, such as mineral wool and glass wool. Wool is an animal fibre made primarily of protein with a trace amount of lipids. This sets it apart chemically from cotton and other plant fibres, which are primarily made of cellulose.

The steps involved in the production of wool are as follows:

  • Shearing - The process of cutting off the woollen fleece of a sheep.
  • Scouring - Cleaning the sheep's fleece to remove the sheep's dead skin, sweat residue, and other impurities.
  • Sorting - Separating good-quality wool from that low-quality wool.
  • Combing - A technique to remove short fibres, small knots, and other residue impurities.
  • Carding - A mechanical process that disentangles, straightens, and cleans the wool fibres that cause the fibres to lie parallel to one another.
  • Dyeing - The process of soaking the wool in a solution of water and mild acid to obtain fibres with brilliant shades.
  • Spinning - A process in which fibres are drawn out and twisted together to form yarn.

Summary:

Explain the Steps involved in the Production of Wool

Shearing, scouring, sorting, combing, carding, dying, and spinning are all phases involved in wool production. Shearing, or the removal of the sheep's fleece and a thin layer of skin, is the first step in the processing of wool. The fibres are then rolled, straightened, and combined to create yarns. Wool is primarily made of protein with a little amount of lipids. Hence, it is different from other chemically formed fibres like cotton.

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