Explain the Power and Functions of the Supreme Court.

By Shivank Goel|Updated : October 3rd, 2022

The Power of the Supreme Court of India can be imagined to know that it is the highest court in India, as authorized by the Constitution of India. The Supreme Court of India has supreme authority among all judicial courts in India. It has many functions and powers that safeguard the interests of Indian citizens. 

Power and Functions of the Supreme Court Of India

  • The Supreme Court has the final decision in all legal matters.
  • It has the power of original, appellate, and advisory jurisdictions.
  • It has the power of judicial review.
  • It takes up appeals against verdicts of the various Indian High Courts.
  • It hears disputes between various government authorities such as central government vs. state governments or state governments vs. other state governments.
  • The Supreme Court can take up suo moto cases.

Power and Functions of the Supreme Court

The Supreme Court of India was established on 28 January 1950, replacing both the Federal Court of India and the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, which were the two apexes of the Indian court at the time. Being the highest authority of all judicial courts in India, any verdict passed by the Supreme Court is binding on all other courts and governments (union or state).

The enforcement of decrees of the Supreme Court is done by the President of India. Once the regional courts and high courts pass their judgments on a particular issue, then the person can submit their plea to the supreme court of India.

Since it is the highest court of India, then they have the authority to overrule the lower court's judgments. Also, it has the power to do self cognizance on any matter and ask a report on it by a related person or authority.

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FAQs on Power and Functions of The Supreme Court

  • The Supreme Court of India has several powers, including the power of judicial review, the power of original, appellate, and advisory jurisdictions, and the power of being the highest authority among all other judicial courts in India.

  • The functions of the Supreme Court of India include taking up appeals against verdicts of the various Indian High Courts, settling disputes between various government authorities, and having the final verdict on all judicial matters.

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