Explain Terrace Farming

By Shivank Goel|Updated : December 14th, 2022

Terrace farming is the practice of making flat areas out of steep or mountainous terrain to grow crops. Crops are sown on graduated terraces carved into the slope. They can reduce surface runoff and soil erosion. The majority of India's mountainous areas, including Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and a few northeastern provinces, practice it. Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu also practice terrace farming.

What is Terrace Farming?

Terrace farming can be branched out into two types: bench and ridge-type terraces.

  1. Bench terraces are used to reduce the slope of the land.
  2. Ridge terraces on slopes perform drainage or storage. Ridge terraces come in two varieties: narrow-based and broad-based

There are numerous benefits of terrace farming. Some of them are:

  • Increases agricultural efficiency and production of slope farms.
  • Increases rainwater collection and helps in water conservation by reducing and slowing runoff.
  • Reduces the formation of rills, thereby preventing soil erosion.
  • It helps in the conservation of soil.
  • Water pollution and sedimentation have decreased.
  • While not enough to damage crops, the water is sufficient for the dense material to settle, reducing downstream sedimentation and poisoning of water bodies.
  • Modification of land for cultivation to promote food production.

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FAQs on Terrace Farming

  • The practice of creating flat areas out of steep or hilly areas for growing crops is called terrace farming. It is practised in the hills of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and a few northeastern provinces of India. There are numerous benefits of this type of farming like reduction of water pollution, water conservation, less soil erosion, agricultural efficiency, etc.

  • Some crops that are grown using terrace farming are – paddy, cereals, fruits, vegetables, flowers, medicinal plants, aromatic plants, dye plants, wheat, maize, rice, pulses, oilseeds etc.

  • Perhaps the most well-known use of terrace farming is the rice paddies of Asia. Rice needs a lot of water and a flat area that can be flooded easily. Hence, terrace farming is ideal for growing rice paddies.

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