Explain Terrace Farming

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

Terrace farming is the practice of making flat areas out of steep or mountainous terrain to grow crops. Crops are sown on graduated terraces carved into the slope.

The majority of India's mountainous areas, including Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and a few northeastern provinces, practice it. Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu also practice it.

What is Terrace Farming?

Terrace farming can be branched out into two types: bench and ridge-type terraces.

  1. In order to reduce the slope of the land, bench terraces are employed.
  2. Ridge terraces on slopes drain or store water. Ridge terraces come in two varieties: narrow-based and broad-based.

There are numerous benefits of terrace farming. Some of them are;

  • Increases the farmability and output of sloping fields.
  • Enhances rainwater collection and aids in water conservation by decreasing and slowing runoff.
  • Reduces the formation of rills, which stops soil erosion.
  • It helps to conserve the soil.
  • Water pollution and sedimentation are decreased.
  • While not long enough to harm crops, water remains in place long enough for dense material to settle, minimizing downstream sedimentation and poisoning of water bodies.
  • Modifying steep terrain for farming to boost food production.

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FAQs

  • Some crops that are grown using terrace farming are – paddy, cereals, fruits, vegetables, flowers, medicinal plants, aromatic plants, dye plants, wheat, maize, rice, pulses, oilseeds etc.

  • Perhaps the most well-known use of terrace farming is the rice paddies of Asia. Rice needs a lot of water, and a flat area that can be flooded is best.

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