Explain Lenin's April Theses

By Ruchika|Updated : January 4th, 2023

Lenin's April thesis, also known as "Aprelskiye Tezisy" in Russian, was a set of three demands, put forward by Lenin, upon his return to Russia from exile. The April Thesis was published in April 1917 and was instrumental in the defeat of the Bolsheviks and the July Uprising. It is one of the most prominent political events of the twentieth century that shaped the political and social situation of Russia.

Lenin's April Theses

Lenin believed that the two major Russian parties of the time could not coexist peacefully because they belonged to different classes. He believed that the Soviets should now take power. He gave the slogan "All power to the Soviet Union" at the Seventh All-Russian Conference, where his thesis was accepted as a program. Lenin's April thesis made three major demands. The three demands of Lenin which came to be known as the April thesis are listed below.

  • He wanted the First World War to end.
  • He demanded that all the land should be given to the farmers.
  • He demanded the nationalisation of banks.

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FAQs on Lenin's April Theses

  • The three demands of Lenin on his return from exile are known as Lenin's April Thesis. Lenin was of the belief that the two existing Russian parties of the time could not exist together at the same time. This idea led to his three demands known as Lenin's April Thesis.

  • The three demands of Lenin's April Theses include that World War 1 should end, ownership of land should be given to peasants and all banks should be nationalised.

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