Explain Land Use Pattern in India and Why Has the Land Under Forest Not Increased Much Since 1960-61?

By Mandeep Kumar|Updated : October 4th, 2022

The land use pattern in India is determined by physical factors and human factors. The physical factors that determine land use patterns are topography, soil, climate, minerals, and availability of water. On the other hand, population and technology are the human factors involved in the determination of the land use pattern.

Land Use Pattern and Land Under Forest Since 1960-61

The land under forest has not increased much since 1960-61 and the total forest cover of the earth has decreased by about one million km2. On the other hand, there has been an increase in the land area covered by cropland and pastures.

According to the State of the World's Forest 2022 (SOFO 2022) report, 420 million hectares of forest have been destroyed between 1990 and 2020. The report was released by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). It is published biennially.

The land is occupied by rivers, some may have trees, and some parts have roads and buildings adapted to different types of land and different uses. Thus man uses land as a resource for production as well as for residence and recreation. Thus, building a school, the roads you travel on, the park you play in, the fields where crops are grown, and animals grazing pastures are various uses of the land.

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FAQs on Land Use Pattern in India

  • The land use pattern is determined by human factors such as population and technology; and physical factors such as topography, soil, climate, minerals, and availability of water.

  • The land under forest has not increased much since 1960-61 because of deforestation and the earth's total forest cover has shrunk by nearly one million kilometre square.

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