EVS Notes on Family for CTET & TET exam

By Komal|Updated : March 22nd, 2021

परिवार (Family)

परिवार मानव समाज की प्राचीनतम एवं आधारभूत इकाई है जिसमें पति-पत्नी एवं उनके बच्चे तथा बच्चों के बच्चे सम्मिलित रूप से रहते हैं इसमें विवाह और दत्तक प्रथा (गोद लेने) द्वारा परिवार की स्वीकृति प्राप्त व्यक्ति भी सम्मिलित होते हैं। मानव समाज में परिवार एक बुनियादी तथा सार्वभौमिक इकाई है। यह सामाजिक जीवन की निरंतरता, एकता एवं विकास के लिए आवश्यक प्रकार्य करता है। अधिकांश पारंपरिक समाजों में परिवार सामाजिक, सांस्कृतिक, धार्मिक, आर्थिक एवं राजनीतिक गतिविधियों एवं संगठनों की इकाई रही है। आधुनिक समाज में परिवार प्राथमिक रूप से संतानोंत्पत्ति, सामाजीकरण एवं भावनात्मक संतोष की व्यवस्था से संबंधित प्रकार्य करता है।



The family is the basic unit of human society and the oldest married couple and their children and the children of their marriage and adoptive children are collectively called family. Confirmation of the person is also included. A family is a basic unit of human society and universal. The continuation of social life, unity and development function is required. In most traditional societies, family, social, cultural, religious, economic and political activities and organizations act as a unity. In modern society, primarily family with children or newborn, socialization and emotional satisfaction are related to the functions of the system.

Advantage of Family

  • The man is a social being and the social life of the person in the family has the greatest role. The person is born in the family as a natural being.
  • Abbreviations family of social order, and the first school of wisdom. Abbreviations of society are the family, where humans learned to live collectively. The family is the most important social organization.
  • The education of a person begins with his or her family. Like human qualities sacrifice, love, cooperation, brotherhood, service spirit, discipline, obedience, is derived from the discharge of duties and family education.
  • A child receives the discipline and difference between the truth and false, justice-injustice, his-alien, conservativism mindedness, laziness diligence, to distinguish between good and bad.
  • The family is the base of a person's social life. Therefore, family education is considered an effective and important tool.

See also: Environmental Studies Notes for TET Exams

Classification of Family

The family is divided into two parts in terms of size

  • Joint Family
  • Nuclear family

Joint Family - Indian joint family is the basis of social life. Two or three generations of family members live with each other and the assets, income and mutual rights and duties are associated with them. In Joint family parents, sons and daughters, brothers and sisters, sister-in-law and their children, uncles and aunts, grandparents and live together in the same house. Features

  • The size of the joint family is large.
  • Members have a responsibility towards each other.
  • Mostly, the aged man is the head of the family.
  • All the family members pamper kids and give lots of love to them. Obviously, which will lay a good effect on their mental development.
  • Due to the elders in the family, children tend to learn discipline at an early age.
  • Children get love and respect at an early stage and the head of the family collectively spends money.

Nuclear Family

A joint family is a small unit, single-family. Dissolution of the joint family problems caused by different types of single-family building. Currently, due to rising inflation and the population has increased rapidly in nuclear families. Single-family consists of spouse and their unmarried children.

Modern forms of Family

A joint family in India is considered to be the ideal family but due to urbanization Western influence is increasing in the Indian family. Today’s lifestyle and culture in society result in the disintegration of the growing trend of joint family. As the effects of the circumstances, families are starting to change. Today young men want to have a free and regulated life. They do not accept any kind of bond. The dignity of the family is broken, the joint family is to take the modern form of Western-type single-family.

Importance of Family -

Human life is a journey from the initial launch of the family and the family is also in fulfilment of basic necessities. The foundation of the personality and character of the child has to be in the family. The importance of family is to have a clear picture of social, economic and educational values.

  • As a result of the socialization process in the family, a child learns humanistic values.
  • The person gets knowledge of society and the ways of living, beliefs, ideas, traditions, values and social responsibility only from the family.
  • Economically, the importance of family is not less. All the economic activities of human beings are conducted in the family.
  • Initially, a person has to depend financially on the family, but gradually, by the efforts, means and cooperation of the family, he becomes self-sufficient and self-reliant.
  • The family is recognized as a primary educational establishment. The family is the first school for the child and the mother is her first ideal teacher.
  • The family provides physical, mental, emotional, cultural and moral development which creates a framework and that is the foundation of his/her future life.
  • A family is a form of guidance for raising children.


Sahi Prep hai toh Life Set hai!

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KomalKomalMember since Jan 2020
Associate at Gradeup working under community vertical. BBA, MBA, JBT & CTET PAPER 1 QUALIFIED.
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JyotiMar 23, 2021

Sir hindi me quij ni h kya?
Sumit Mavi Gurjer
Koi uptet aur ctet ke liye acchi book bta sakta h kya bta do koi
Anuradha Roy

Anuradha RoyMar 24, 2021

B Ed entrace ke liye preparation chaiye
Dilpreet87 Kaur
Farheen Fatima
Sir mujhe psycho ka notes chahiye
Sangeeta Singh
Sir hme sbhi notes hindi me chahoye
Devendra Gangwar
Please write it in clear way there are so many errors
Shikha Mishra
sir Hindi me Quiz nhi hai kya

CTET & Teaching

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CTET & Teaching

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