Enhance your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 30th July, 2021

By Shrayans Jain|Updated : July 30th, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your ability to score better in all the law entrance exams. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or it's meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

 

Our series, ‘Enhance your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu', followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Virulence and variance: On post-pandemic economic strains

Important Words from the Article

1. WordVirulence (उग्रता)

  • Pronunciation: vir-yuh-luhns/विर्यलन्स
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. quality of being virulent
    b. venomous hostility
    c. intense sharpness of temper
  • Synonyms: bitterness, acrimony, venom
  • Antonyms: kindness, affection, amity
  • Usage in a sentence: The virulence of the disease is causing great concern in medical circles.

2. Word: Vacillate (अनिश्चितता)

  • Pronunciation: vas-uh-leyt/वैसलैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: waver between different opinions or actions; be indecisive
  • Synonyms: fluctuate, hesitate, dither
  • Antonyms: continue, persist, decide
  • Use in a Sentence: Don't ever vacillate about asking for assistance if you need it.

 3Word: Stark (कठोर)

  • Pronunciation: stahrk/स्टार्क
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Adverb
  • Meaning:
    a. empty, simple, or obvious, especially without decoration or anything that is not necessary (Adjective)
    b. harsh, grim, or desolate, as a view, place, etc.(Adjective)
    c. means completely clear (Adjective)
    d. completely or extremely (Adverb)
  • Synonyms: austere, dour, fierce, flinty, forbidding, grim
  • Antonyms: benign, benignant, gentle, mild, non-intimidating, tender
  • Usage in a sentence: The dim halls made a stark contrast with the bright, sun-drenched apartment.

4. Word: Precipitate (मारना,प्रचण्ड,जल्द)

  • Pronunciation: pri-sip-i-teyt/प्रिसिपिटैट
  • Part of speech: Verb, Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. to hasten the occurrence of; bring about prematurely, hastily, or suddenly (Verb)
    b. to throw someone or something from a height with great force (Verb)
    c. to separate, or cause a substance to separate from a liquid as a solid (Verb)
    d. a solid substance that is produced from a liquid during a chemical process (Noun)
    e. If an action is precipitate, it is done sooner or faster than expected and without enough thought or preparation (Adjective)
  • Synonyms: hasty, rash, sudden, abrupt
  • Antonyms: slow, deliberate
  • Usage in a sentence: An invasion would certainly precipitate a political crisis.

5. Word: Divergence (विचलन, भिन्नता)

  • Pronunciation: dih-vur-juhns/डाइवर्जन्स
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. the act, fact, or amount of diverging
    b. (in physics, meteorology, etc.) the total amount of flux escaping an infinitesimal volume at a point in a vector field, as the net flow of air from a given region
  • Synonyms: difference, deviation, variance
  • Antonyms: convergence, agreement, harmony
  • Usage in a sentence: Recently published statistics shows a divergence from previous trends. 

6. Word: Lag (अंतराल, पिछ)

  • Pronunciation: lag
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning
    a. fail to keep up with another or others in movement or development. (Verb)
    b. a period of time between one event and another. (Noun)
  • Synonyms: linger, delay, trail, loiter
  • Antonyms: hasten, rush, bustle, bolt, hustle
  • Usage in a Sentence: We're now at the lag end of the project.

7. Word: Visceral (आंत का, आन्त्र)

  • Pronunciation: विसरल/vis-er-uhl
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. based on deep feeling and emotional reactions rather than on reason or thought
    b. relating to the large organs inside the body, including the heart, stomach, lungs, and intestines
  • Synonyms: instinctive, internal, splanchnic, gut
  • Antonyms: logical, cerebral, reasonable
  • Usage in a Sentence: His approach to acting is visceral rather than intellectual.

8. Word: Loom (संकट मँडराना)

  • Pronunciation: loom/लूम
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: appear as a vague form, especially one that is large or threatening
  • Synonyms: menace, emerge, stand out
  • Antonyms: disappear, diminish, remove
  • Use in a Sentence: We should flag those problems that could loom ahead.

9. Word: Expedite (शीघ्रता करना)

  • Pronunciationek-spi-dahyt/ एक्स्पिडाइट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: make (an action or process) happen sooner or be accomplished more quickly.
  • Synonyms: accelerate, hasten, speed up, quicken
  • Antonyms: delay, impede, hinder, check
  • Usage in a Sentence: We must expedite the development of the Southwest area of our country.

10. Word: Roll out (बेलना)

  • Pronunciation: rohl-out/ रोल आउट
  • Part of Speech: Phrasal verb
  • Meaning: to make a new product, service, or system available for the first time
  • Synonyms: introduce, make available, market
  • Usage in Sentence: The company plans to roll out the scheme across Europe in the coming months.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Stark
  • Precipitate
  • Roll out
  • Variance
  • Virulence

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1accelerateimpede
2delayhasten
3differencebitterness
4kindnessdeviance
5venomaffection

Share your answers in the comment section. 

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Posted by:

Shrayans JainShrayans JainMember since Jan 2021
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Comments

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Tashmi Saha

Tashmi SahaJul 31, 2021

answers to exercise 2: match the columns
accelerate - hasten
delay - impede
difference - deviance
kindness - affection
venom - bitterness

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