Enhance your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 21th July, 2021

By Shrayans Jain|Updated : July 21st, 2021

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your ability to score better in all the law entrance exams. As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or it's meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.

Our series, ‘Enhance your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc.

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Indian Express', followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

In the house

Important Words from the Article

1. Word: Abound (विपुल)

  • Pronunciationuh-bound/अबाउन्ड
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. exist in large numbers or amounts
  • Synonyms: bristle, burst, swarm
  • Antonyms: lack, fail, deficient, short
  • Usage in a sentence: This area abounds with caravan sites

2. Word: Amid (मध्य में)

  • Part of Speech: Proposition
  • Meaning:

       a. surrounded by; in the middle of.

       b. in an atmosphere or against a background of.

  • Pronunciation: uh-mid/अमिड
  • Synonyms: between, in the midst of 
  • Antonyms: away from, notwithstanding
  • Use in a Sentence: He sat down amid stunning applause. 

 3Word: Backdrop (पृष्ठभूमि)

  • Pronunciationbak-drop/ बैक्ड्राप 
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning
    a. a painted cloth hung at the back of a theatre stage as part of the scenery. ( Noun)
    b. lie behind or beyond; serve as a background to. (Verb)
  • Synonyms: background, setting, scenery, context
  • Antonyms: foreground, forefront
  • Usage in a Sentence:  The mountains provided a perfect backdrop for the wedding photos.

4. Word: Convene (आयोजन करना)

  • Pronunciation: kuhn-veen/कन्वीन
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to come together or assemble, usually for some public purpose
    b. to cause to assemble; convoke
    c. to summon to appear, as before a judicial officer
  • Synonyms: assemble, gather, muster, collect
  • Antonyms: adjourn, disperse, cancel, dismiss
  • Usage in a sentence: The council will be convening on the morning of the 25th.

5. Word: Jostle (ढकेलना)

  • Pronunciationjos-uh l/ जासल
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. push, elbow, or bump against (someone) roughly, typically in a crowd. (Verb)
    b. struggle or compete forcefully for. (Verb)
    c. the action of jostling. (Noun)
  • Synonyms: shove, push, thrust, jolt, nudge
  • Antonyms: pull, ignore
  • Usage in a sentence: Everyone glared at the man who jostled to the front of the line.

6. Word: Scrutinise (बारीकी से देखना)

  • Pronunciationskroot-n-ahyz/ स्क्रूटनाइज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: examine or inspect closely and thoroughly.
  • Synonyms: examine, investigate, inspect
  • Antonyms: ignore, neglect, reject, overlook
  • Usage in a sentence: When you have completed the whole exercise, scrutinise it and pay particular attention to your adjectives.

7. Word: Finicky (मुश्किल से खुश होने वाला)

  • Pronunciationfin-i-kee/ फिनकी
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. (of a person) fussy about their needs or requirements.
    b. showing or requiring great attention to detail.
  • Synonyms: fussy, fastidious, meticulous, scrupulous
  • Antonyms: easy, open, uncritical, relaxed
  • Usage in a Sentence: My teacher is finicky about grammar.

8. Word: Fritter (व्यर्थ नष्ट करना)

  • Pronunciation: frit-er/फ्रिटर
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to squander or disperse piecemeal; waste little by little (usually followed by away):
    b. to break or tear into small pieces or shreds.
  • Synonyms: dissipate, squander, waster
  • Antonyms: hold, conserve, aggregate
  • Usage in a sentence: The team frittered the chance of strengthening its revenue system by adopting to new technologies.

9. Word: Lull (शांत करना)

  • Pronunciation: luhl/लल
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. to put to sleep or rest by soothing means (Verb)
    b. to soothe or quiet (Verb)
    c. to give or lead to feel a false sense of safety; cause to be less alert, aware, or watchful (Verb)
    d. to quiet down, let up, or subside (Verb)
    e. a temporary calm, quiet, or stillness (Noun)
    f. a soothing sound (Noun)
  • Synonyms: becalm, calm, compose, lullaby, quiet
  • Antonyms: agitate, discompose, disquiet, disturb
  • Usage in a sentence: The absence of attacks for such an extended period had lulled the nation into a false sense of security.

10. Word: Succumb (अधीन होना)

  • Pronunciation: suh-kuhm/सकम
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:

       a. fail to resist pressure, temptation, or some other negative force.

       b. die from the effect of a disease or injury.

  • Synonyms: capitulate, yield
  • Antonyms: conquer, endure
  • Use in a Sentence: We may succumb to praise because it makes us feel good.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • succumb
  • amid
  • backdrop
  • convene
  • jostle

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1capitulatefastidious
2calmgather
3fussycompose
4assembleburst
5bristleyield

Share your answers in the comment section. 

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Shrayans JainShrayans JainMember since Jan 2021
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