Enhance your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 19th January 2022

By Shrayans Jain|Updated : January 19th, 2022

Vocabulary plays a very important role in enhancing your ability to score better in all the law entrance exams.a As you glance through the newspaper every day, you come across a number of new words. Your reading exercise is impeded if you do not understand the meaning of a word, or it's meaning in a given context. Such challenges could be overcome by inculcating a sound habit of reading. The habit lets you encounter something new every day in the form of words, the meaning of which you were unaware of.







Our series, ‘Enhance your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’ aims to help you completely understand the commonly used words with their meanings, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc

Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu', followed by important words from the same, to help you strengthen your vocabulary.

Happy Reading!

Important Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial: 19th January, 2022

1.  Word: Throttle (गला दबाना)

  • Pronunciationthrot-l/ थ्राटल
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning
    a. a device controlling the flow of fuel or power to an engine. (Noun)
    b. attack or kill (someone) by choking or strangling them. (Verb)
  • Synonyms: accelerator, choke, strangle, stifle
  • Antonyms: release, breathe, respire, restore
  • Usage in a Sentence: He throttled her in a fit of jealous rage

2. Word: Haunt (परेशान करना/मंडराना)

  • Pronunciation: hawnt/हॉन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. to cause repeated suffering or anxiety:
    b. (of a ghost) to appear in a place repeatedly
  • Synonyms: stalk, torment, trouble
  • Antonyms: abandon, cease, abjure
  • Usage in a sentence: His experiences in Vietnam still haunt him.

3. Word: Contraption (मशीन)

  • Pronunciation: kuhn-trap-shuhn/कन्ट्रैप्शन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a device or machine that looks awkward or old-fashioned, especially one that you do not know how to use
  • Synonyms: gadget, gizmo, mechanism, contrivance 
  • Antonyms: barrier
  • Usage in a sentence: He could not make any sense of the latest contraption.

4. Word: Stature (उच्चता)

  • Pronunciationstach-er/स्टैचूर
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: importance or reputation gained by ability or achievement.
  • Synonyms: quality, prestige, eminence, height
  • Antonyms: unimportance, insignificance, deflate
  • Use in a Sentence: Mary was surprised to spot her husband, recognizable by his small stature and familiar shirt, walking across the river. 

5. Word: Salvage (रक्षा करना)

  • Pronunciation: sal-vij/ सैल्वज
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the act of saving a ship or its cargo from perils of the seas.
    b. the property so saved.
    c. compensation given to those who voluntarily save a ship or its cargo.
    d. the act of saving anything from fire, danger, etc.
    e. to save from shipwreck, fire, etc.
  • Synonyms: rescue, save, retrieve   
  • Antonyms: lose, hurt, harm 
  • Usage in a sentence: The military salvaged many people's lives from the flood. 

6. Word: Blockade (अवरोध करना)

  • Pronunciation: blo-keyd/ब्लाकेड
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. the situation in which a country or place is surrounded by soldiers or ships to stop people or goods from going in or out (Noun)
    b. the act of using force or the threat of force to stop the movement of people or goods into or out of a country or area, or the people or objects used to prevent such movement (Noun)
    c. to prevent goods or people entering or leaving a place, especially as a way of showing disagreement with a government or large organization (Verb)
  • Synonyms: block, barricade, siege, obstruct
  • Antonyms: access, opening, open policy
  • Usage in a sentence: Protesters are threatening to blockade refineries if the Government does not lower the tax on fuel.

7. Word: Contemplate  (विचार करना/सोचना)

  • Pronunciation: kon-tuh m-pleyt?कान्टम्प्लेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. look thoughtfully for a long time at.
    b. think deeply and at length.
  • Synonyms: consider, ponder, meditate
  • Antonyms: neglect, discard, abrupt
  • Usage in a Sentence: My granny usually goes to the park to sit and contemplate.

8. Word: Leverage (लाभ उठाना)

  • Pronunciation: lev-er-ij/लीवरिज
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. power or ability to act or to influence people, events, decisions, etc.; sway
  • Synonyms: advantage, authority, supremacy
  • Antonyms: inferiority, poorness, weakness 
  • Usage in a Sentence: We'll have to use better leverage if we want the deal to swing in our favour.

9. WordHegemony (आधिपत्य)

  • Pronunciation: hej-uh-mon-e/ हीजेमनी
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: ruling or dominant in a political or social context.
  • Synonyms: dominant, authoritative, foremost
  • Antonyms: minor, dependent
  • Usage in a Sentence: The three nations competed for regional hegemony.

10. Word: Stark (कठोर)

  • Pronunciation: stahrk/स्टार्क
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Adverb
  • Meaning:
    a. empty, simple, or obvious, especially without decoration or anything that is not necessary (Adjective)
    b. harsh, grim, or desolate, as a view, place, etc.(Adjective)
    c. means completely clear (Adjective)
    d. completely or extremely (Adverb)
  • Synonyms: austere, dour, fierce, flinty, forbidding, grim
  • Antonyms: benign, benignant, gentle, mild, non-intimidating, tender
  • Usage in a sentence: The dim halls made a stark contrast with the bright, sun-drenched apartment.

The Hindu Newspaper Vocabulary Based Exercises: 19th January, 2022

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Throttle
  • Haunt
  • Stark
  • Leverage
  • Hegemony

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1 Contemplate
2 Salvage gizmo
3 Stature eminence
4 Blockade rescue
5 Contraption siege

Share your answers in the comment section. 

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