During Whose Reign the Ijarah System was Introduced?

By K Balaji|Updated : December 14th, 2022

The Ijarah system was introduced during Jahandar Shah's (Mughal emperor) reign by Zulfiqar Khan, who was one of his powerful nobles. The Ijarah system is also known as the revenue farming system, contrary to Todar Mal’s fixed land revenue. In the Ijarah system, there were different sets of rules for collecting revenue from peasants, middlemen, and farmers.

In Which Reign Ijarah System was Introduced?

The Ijara system became popular during the Mughal period (in the 18th century). The ijarah system was confined to the revenue officials and their families. The peasants were most exploited. It led to an increase in the oppression of the peasants. The following are the revenue collections from farmers, middlemen, and peasants:

  • Revenue farmers: The government was forming contracts with the revenue farmers.
  • Middlemen: The middleman was bound to pay the government a fixed amount of money.
  • Peasants: There were no fixed rules for collecting revenue from the peasants. The government was free to collect taxes as per their will from the peasants.

Under this system, if the peasants had insufficient money to pay and insufficient means to cultivate the farms, their lands were farmed out to third parties. This system was highly efficient during the Mughal rule. However, it became a matter of dispute under Akbar and Sher Shah’s rule.

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FAQs on Introduction of Ijarah System

  • The Ijarah system was introduced during Jahandar Shah’s reign by Zulfiqar khan. He was one of the powerful nobles who came up with the Ijarah system that works in opposition to the fixed land revenue system by Todar Mal. It was an exploitative revenue system that led to the oppression of farmers in that time.

  • The Ijarah system was also known as the revenue farming system, wherein the middleman had to pay the government a fixed amount of money as revenue. At the same time, the peasants can be charged any amount as per the government's demand. This system was unfair was the peasants.

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