During Whose Reign the Ijarah System was Introduced?

By K Balaji|Updated : September 4th, 2022

The Ijarah system was introduced during Jahandar Shah's (Mughal emperor) reign by Zulfiqar Khan, who was one of his powerful nobles. The Ijarah system is also known as the revenue farming system, contrary to Todar Mal’s fixed land revenue. In the Ijarah system, there were different sets of rules for collecting revenue from peasants, middlemen, and farmers. But, the peasants were most exploited. It led to an increase in the oppression of the peasants.

Features of Ijarah System

The ijarah system became popular during the Mughal period (in the 18th century). The Ijarah system was restricted to the revenue officers and their families. The revenue collection from the farmers, middlemen, and peasants is under-

  • Revenue farmers- The government was forming contracts with the revenue farmers.
  • Middlemen- The middleman was bound to pay the government a fixed amount of money.
  • Peasants- There were no fixed rules for collecting revenue from the peasants. The government was free to collect taxes as per their will from the peasants.

This system was highly efficient during the Mughal rule. However, it became a dispute under Akbar and Sher Shah’s rule.

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FAQs

  • During Jahandar Shah’s the Ijarah system by Zulfiqar khan. He was one of the powerful nobles who came up with the Ijarah system that works in opposition to the fixed land revenue system by Todar Mal.

  • The Ijarah system was also known as the revenue farming system, wherein the middleman had to pay the government a fixed amount of money as revenue. At the same time, the peasants can be charged any amount as per the government's demand. This system was unfair was the peasants.

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