During India's Colonial period, the theory of downward filtration was related to

By K Balaji|Updated : December 8th, 2022

During India's Colonial period, the theory of downward filtration was related to education. The East India Company wanted to educate the Indian people about profits in their business through the downward filtration theory. As per this theory, education was initially disseminated to a small group of people and through them, it was then conveyed to the masses. Thus, through this theory, education was imparted to some favourable people that they liked to engage with. Lord Macaulay's Education Policy, 1835 attempted to create a system of education where only the upper strata of the society is educated.

Relation of Downward Filtration Theory

As per the downward filtration theory, the Britishers believed that if they educated only a few upper-class Indians, then the government was paving way for educating the masses. Then these Indians would spread the education to the masses. Through this system, education was expected to filter downwards, however, this system of education did not work out.

Lord Macaulay was the one to propagate the filtration theory. Let us look at some of the salient features of the downward filtration theory:

  • Charles Wood prepared a dispatch on the educational system for India in 1854.
  • It was considered as the “Magna Carta of English education in India” that laid the plans for spreading education in India.
  • The General Committee of Public Instruction was appointed in 1823 and in 1833 Lord Macaulay arrived in India.
  • Macaulay in his minutes paved way for the  Anglicization of education in India.

Summary: 

During India's Colonial period, the theory of downward filtration was related to

The theory of downward filtration was related to education during India's colonial period. As per this theory, education was to be given to the upper-class Indians and through them, it would be disseminated among the masses. Lord Macaulay propagated the filtration theory in the educational policy of India.

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