Does PSLV have a cryogenic engine?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 5th, 2022

There is no cryogenic engine in the PSLV. To place heavier satellites in higher orbits, the GSLV has a cryogenic engine. The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) is an expendable medium-lift launch vehicle designed and operated by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It was developed to enable India to launch its Indian Earth Remote Reconnaissance (IRS) satellites into sun-synchronous orbits.

Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle

  • This service was commercially available only from Russia until the arrival of the PSLV in 1993.
  • PSLV can also launch small satellites into a geostationary transfer orbit.
  • PSLV has gained credibility as a leading provider of ride-hailing services for small satellites through numerous launch campaigns of multiple satellites with auxiliary payloads, usually ride-hailing along with the primary payload in India.
  • The most notable of these was the launch of PSLV-C37 on 15 February 2017, which successfully deployed 104 satellites into sun-synchronous orbit, tripling Russia's previous record for the highest number of satellites sent into space in a single launch. Until January 24, 2021, SpaceX launched the Transporter-1 mission on a Falcon 9 rocket carrying 143 satellites into orbit.


Does PSLV have a cryogenic engine?

The PSLV lacks a cryogenic engine; on the other hand, the GSLV includes a cryogenic engine for placing heavier satellites in higher orbit. As of June 2022, PSLV has launched 345 foreign satellites from 36 countries.


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