DMF Full Form: What is Dimethylformamide (DMF)?
Dimethylformamide is an organic compound having formula (CH3)2NC(O)H. It is generally abbreviated as DMF. It is a colorless liquid that is miscible in water and other organic solvents. It is considered a common solvent for chemical reactions. It is a derivative of formamide – an amide of formic acid. It is a polar aprotic solvent having a high boiling point. It helps in the facilitation of SN2 reactions. This solvent is preferred to produce acrylic fibers.
DMF Full Form: Production of DMF
It is prepared by combining methyl formate with dimethylamine or by reaction of dimethylamine with carbon monoxide. It can also be prepared by using supercritical carbon monoxide in the presence of a Ru-based catalyst. A French chemist firstly prepared it. In this method, a mixture of dimethylamine hydrochloride and potassium formate distillation has been carried out.
DMF Full Form: Structure: of DMF
Its 2-D structure is:
In 3-D structure, it can be represented as:
DMF Full Form: Properties of DMF
According to spectroscopic experiments, the partial double bond character has been indicated for C-N and C-O bonds for most amides. IR spectrum shows C=O stretching at 1675 cm-1 while ketone absorbs at 1700 cm-1. Thus, it is the best example of a fluxional molecule. Some of its properties are depicted in the table given below:
It gets hydrolyzed in the presence of strong acids and bases at elevated temperatures. In reaction with NaOH, it gets converted to format and dimethylamine. It undergoes decarboxylation near its boiling point that results in the formation of dimethylamine. It is a main reagent in the Vilsmeier-Haack reaction, which is used to formulate aromatic compounds. It is also used in the Bouveault reaction in which Grignard reagents react with DMF to give aldehydes.
DMF Full Form: Uses of DMF
- Pharmaceutical processing
- Polymer processing
More Full-Form Articles:
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|DMF Full Form||ECG Full Form|
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