Difference Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest

By Durga Prashanna Mishra|Updated : February 1st, 2023

The major Difference Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest is based on the characteristics, climatic conditions, trees, and areas of both Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest. However, the key Difference Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest is, Tropical evergreen forests are dense, multi-layered, and harbor many types of plants and animals, whereas deciduous forests have vegetation composed primarily of broad-leaved trees.

Difference Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest PDF

Tropical Evergreen forests are those that bear green leaves all over the year which do not fall off. On the contrary, deciduous forests are those wherein trees lose their leaves during winter or dry season. Let's Distinguish Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest in detail below. Questions related to the Difference Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest can be asked in various competitive exams, including UPSC, SSC, etc.

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Difference Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest

Tropical Evergreen forests are found near the equator. Around seven per cent of the earth's surface is covered by evergreen forests. They form a steep canopy at the top, preventing sunlight from reaching the ground. Around 65.6 per cent of the world consists of Deciduous Forest. Their flowers, called blossoms, turn into seeds and fruit, requiring enough water and sunlight.

Distinguish Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest

Tropical Evergreen Forest

Tropical Deciduous Forest

Evergreen Forests are dense and multi-layered in structure

Tropical Deciduous Forests are broad, flat, and wide in structure.

They are found in areas with more than 200 cm of rainfall and have a temperature of around 15 to 30 Celsius.

They are found in areas of 100 to 150 cm of rainfall, and the temperature is about 30 Celsius annually.

Evergreen Forests shed leaves at different times, thereby remaining evergreen in structure.

Tropical Deciduous Forests shed their leaves in the dry season

Trees found in Evergreen Forests are Ebony, Mahogany, Rosewood, and Rubber.

Trees found in Tropical Deciduous Forests are Teak, Sal, Mahua, Bamboo, etc.

Evergreen forests are found in Andaman and Nicobar, the Western Ghats, The coastline of Peninsular India, the Tamil Nadu Coast, and Northeastern states, especially Asia.

Deciduous forests are found in Jharkhand, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Himalayan Foothills, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh.

Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest

Below are some key features of Tropical Evergreen and Tropical Deciduous Forest. One of the key points to distinguish between tropical evergreen and deciduous forest is that Evergreen forests are dense that sunlight cannot reach the ground. Deciduous forests are not so dense.

What is Tropical Evergreen Forest?

Evergreen forests are found in places with heavy rainfall, which is more than 200 cm per year. The average annual temperature in these locations is around 25-27 degrees Celsius. 

  • Annual humidity is greater than 77% on average.
  • Tropical Evergreen forests are home to numerous plants and animals.

What is Tropical Deciduous Forest?

Tropical Deciduous Forest receives rainfall between 70-200 cm per year. These forests comprise wide trees with branch trunksThey are discovered mainly in North Eastern states, the foothills of the Himalayas, and the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats.

  • Deciduous Forests are found in the temperate zone, characterized by winters and rainfall.
  • Tropical Deciduous Forests form a steep canopy at the top, preventing sunlight from reaching the ground.

Summary:

Key Difference Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest

The key Difference Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest is that Tropical Evergreen forests are found in areas with extensive rainfall and comprises lush green, multi-layered tree structure, while Deciduous Forests are found in areas with limited rainfall and constitutes wide, flat tree structure.

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FAQs on Difference Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest

  • Based on climatic conditions, we can distinguish between tropical evergreen and deciduous forest. Tropical Evergreen forests can be seen in areas with more than 200 cm of rainfall, whereas Deciduous Forests can be seen in areas with 100-150 cm of rainfall.

  • The Difference Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest based on location is, Tropical Evergreen forests are found near the equator, whereas Deciduous Forests are found in the temperate zone.

  • When it comes to shedding leaves, Tropical Evergreen forests shed leaves at different times, thereby remaining evergreen in structure, and Deciduous Forests shed their leaves in the dry season.

  • Ebony, Mahogany, Rosewood, and Rubber are the trees found in Evergreen Forests that bear green leaves all over the year, which do not fall off. Oak, Maple, Beech, Hickory, Chestnut. etc., are Deciduous forest plants.

  • During the dry or winter season, tropical deciduous forests shed their leaves to control water loss; they naturally tend to lose water. After the dry season, the leaves grow again, making the forest dense green, which is why deciduous forests are also referred to as Monsoon Forests.

  • Tropical evergreen forests have a temperature range between 15 to 30 Celsius, considered an ideal temperature for the animals to survive peacefully. Monkeys are very common in these forests. Some other animals found in tropical forests are:

    • Bats.
    • Birds.
    • Deer.
    • Elephants.
    • Lemur.
    • One-Horned Rhino (West Bengal, Assam)
    • Sloth.
  • Based on characteristics, the Difference Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest is that Evergreen Forests are dense and multi-layered in structure. On the other hand, Deciduous Forests are flat and wide in structure.

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