Difference Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest
Tropical Evergreen forests are found near the equator. Around seven per cent of the earth's surface is covered by evergreen forests. They form a steep canopy at the top, preventing sunlight from reaching the ground. Around 65.6 per cent of the world consists of Deciduous Forest. Their flowers, called blossoms, turn into seeds and fruit, requiring enough water and sunlight.
Distinguish Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest
Tropical Evergreen Forest
Tropical Deciduous Forest
Evergreen Forests are dense and multi-layered in structure
Tropical Deciduous Forests are broad, flat, and wide in structure.
They are found in areas with more than 200 cm of rainfall and have a temperature of around 15 to 30 Celsius.
They are found in areas of 100 to 150 cm of rainfall, and the temperature is about 30 Celsius annually.
Evergreen Forests shed leaves at different times, thereby remaining evergreen in structure.
Tropical Deciduous Forests shed their leaves in the dry season
Trees found in Evergreen Forests are Ebony, Mahogany, Rosewood, and Rubber.
Trees found in Tropical Deciduous Forests are Teak, Sal, Mahua, Bamboo, etc.
Evergreen forests are found in Andaman and Nicobar, the Western Ghats, The coastline of Peninsular India, the Tamil Nadu Coast, and Northeastern states, especially Asia.
Deciduous forests are found in Jharkhand, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Himalayan Foothills, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh.
Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest
Below are some key features of Tropical Evergreen and Tropical Deciduous Forest. One of the key points to distinguish between tropical evergreen and deciduous forest is that Evergreen forests are dense that sunlight cannot reach the ground. Deciduous forests are not so dense.
What is Tropical Evergreen Forest?
Evergreen forests are found in places with heavy rainfall, which is more than 200 cm per year. The average annual temperature in these locations is around 25-27 degrees Celsius.
- Annual humidity is greater than 77% on average.
- Tropical Evergreen forests are home to numerous plants and animals.
What is Tropical Deciduous Forest?
Tropical Deciduous Forest receives rainfall between 70-200 cm per year. These forests comprise wide trees with branch trunks. They are discovered mainly in North Eastern states, the foothills of the Himalayas, and the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats.
- Deciduous Forests are found in the temperate zone, characterized by winters and rainfall.
- Tropical Deciduous Forests form a steep canopy at the top, preventing sunlight from reaching the ground.
Key Difference Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest
The key Difference Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous Forest is that Tropical Evergreen forests are found in areas with extensive rainfall and comprises lush green, multi-layered tree structure, while Deciduous Forests are found in areas with limited rainfall and constitutes wide, flat tree structure.