Distinguish Between the Ferrous and Nonferrous Minerals

By Shivank Goel|Updated : January 2nd, 2023

The distinguishing feature between ferrous and nonferrous minerals is that Ferrous minerals contain an iron base, whereas Nonferrous minerals do not have iron. Examples of ferrous minerals are iron ore and manganese. Brass and copper are two examples of non-metallic or non-ferrous minerals. In ferrous minerals, iron is found in the +2 oxidation state. Iron is found in the +3 oxidation state in ferric minerals.

Ferrous and Nonferrous Minerals

Metallic iron and ferrous alloy are examples of metals. Non-ferrous metals and alloys do not contain significant amounts of iron. For example, copper, aluminum, etc. Following are the differences between ferrous and non-ferrous minerals:

Ferrous Minerals

Nonferrous Minerals

Iron makes up most of these minerals.

These minerals don't primarily consist of iron.

They are magnetic minerals.

They are not magnetic minerals.

Less corrosion-resistant.

More corrosion-resistant.

These minerals are heavier.

These minerals weigh less.

They are comprised of iron as hydroxide, carbonates, and sulfides.

They are comprised of several elements and combinations.

Ferrous Minerals are good conductors of electricity.

Nonferrous Minerals are bad conductors of electricity.

Examples are manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), etc.

Examples are gold (Au), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), etc.

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FAQs on Distinguish between the Ferrous and Nonferrous Minerals

  • The major difference between Ferrous and Nonferrous Minerals is Ferrous minerals are magnetic, whereas Nonferrous minerals are non-magnetic. Additionally, ferrous minerals are heavier than Nonferrous minerals.

  • Iron-based and metallic minerals are referred to as ferrous minerals. Examples of ferrous minerals are manganese and iron ore. These minerals are less resistant to corrosion.

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  • Non-ferrous minerals are non-metallic in nature and do not include iron. Brass and copper are two examples of non-ferrous minerals. They are mainly seen in the Maikal hills, the Amarkantak plateau, and the plateau area of Bilaspur-Katni.

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