Distinguish Between Coming Together Federations and Holding Together Federations with Example

By Shivank Goel|Updated : August 24th, 2022

Without the central/union government's meddling, the "Coming Together Federation" member state governments are free to enact their laws and policies. The central/union government and the constituent state governments have nearly equal authority in this federation. The central/union government must provide its approval before the constituent state governments of the "Holding Together Federation" can put laws and decisions into effect. The central/union government in this sort of federation has greater authority than the governments of the member states.

Coming Together Federations and Holding Together Federations

Smaller states joining together to establish larger nations are called Coming Together Federations. The United States, Switzerland, Australia, and other countries have such federations, while Holding Together Federations are federations where a large nation strives to hold its member states together. Several nations, like India, Spain, Belgium, etc., have such alliances. The difference between Holding Together Federations and Coming Together Federations is explained here:

Holding Together Federations

Coming Together Federations

In this kind of federation, a sizable force or nation consents to divide its authority between the member states and the national government.

Various sovereign states connect to form a larger government under this federation.

In such a federation, there is no sharing of power or retention of nationality.

Individual states unite their resources and sovereign rights to create a stronger country.

The federal government in this federation is more potent than the individual states.

The individual states in this federation are the only ones with authority. As a result, the country becomes more stable.

Examples: India, Spain, Belgium

Examples: USA, Australia, Switzerland

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  • A nation resolves to distribute its power between the component States and the national government in "Holding Together Federalism."  In a federation like this, the federal government typically has more power than the States. India is an example of Holding Together Federalism.

  • To create a more extensive state or country, separate states join together to establish a "Coming Together Federation."

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