Coming Together Federations and Holding Together Federations
Smaller states joining together to establish larger nations are called Coming Together Federations. The United States, Switzerland, Australia, and other countries have such federations, while Holding Together Federations are federations where a large nation strives to hold its member states together. Several nations, like India, Spain, Belgium, etc., have such alliances. The difference between Holding Together Federations and Coming Together Federations is explained here:
Holding Together Federations
Coming Together Federations
In this kind of federation, a sizable force or nation consents to divide its authority between the member states and the national government.
Various sovereign states connect to form a larger government under this federation.
In such a federation, there is no sharing of power or retention of nationality.
Individual states unite their resources and sovereign rights to create a stronger country.
The federal government in this federation is more potent than the individual states.
The individual states in this federation are the only ones with authority. As a result, the country becomes more stable.
Examples: India, Spain, Belgium
Examples: USA, Australia, Switzerland