Diseases and their Affected Areas

By Ashutosh Yadav|Updated : November 25th, 2020

Diseases and Associated Part of Human Body is a very important topic for the preliminary examination of State Services Exams. Around 2-3 questions can be expected from this topic. Make sure you go through these notes and learn them by heart. They are going to be really helpful for your upcoming exams. 

Diseases and its Affected Area

Parts of the Body Affected by Diseases

Disease

Affected Body Part

Arthritis 

Joints

Asthma 

Bronchial Muscles

Cataract 

Eyes

Diabetes 

Pancreas

Diphtheria 

Throat

Eczema 

Skin

Glaucoma 

      Eyes

Goitre 

Thyroid Gland

Jaundice 

Liver

Leukemia 

Blood

Malaria 

Spleen

Meningitis 

Brain and Spinal Cord

Otitis 

Ears

Paralysis 

Nerves

Pneumonia 

  Lungs

Polio 

 Legs

Pyorrhoea 

Teeth and Gums

Rheumatism 

Joints

Sinusitis 

                         Inflammation of sinus linings

Tonsillitis 

Tonsils

Trachoma 

  Eyes

Tuberculosis 

Lungs

Typhoid 

Intestines

Diseases and Causative Agents

Causative AgentDisease
BacteriaDiphtheria, Gonorrhoea, Meningitis, Cholera, Leprosy, Typhoid, Tetanus, Tuberculosis, Plague, Whooping Cough, Pneumonia
VirusChicken Pox, Small Pox, Measle, Mumps, AIDS, Yellow fever, Influenza, Dengue fever, Rabies, Polio-meritis phelebotomus
ProtozoansMalaria, Sleeping sickness, Kala-azar, Leishmaniasis, Amoebic dysentery
FungusAthlete's foot, Ringworms, Madura foot, Dhobi's itch
HelminthsFilaria, Tapeworm and Hookworm transmission

Important Information about Human Body

  • Biggest Organ: Liver
  • Heart Beat: 72 times in a minute
  • Master Gland: Pituitary
  • Number of Bone: 206
  • Number of Muscles: 640
  • Number of chromosomes: 46 or 23 pairs
  • Normal Blood Pressure: 80 to 120
  • Teeth: 32
  • The volume of Blood: About 7 liters in a normal body or about 7% of the total body weight.
  • Largest; Part of human Brain: Cerebrum 

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Ashutosh YadavAshutosh YadavMember since Aug 2020
PCS [email protected]|UPPCS Mains, MP Mains,CGL Clear, LowerPCS Pre Clear, IB ACIO II Pre
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