Differentiate between in-situ and ex-situ conservation?

By Ritesh|Updated : November 8th, 2022

In-situ conservation is the conservation of species in a natural habitat that help to live in a natural population. Ex-situ conservation means taking out of endangered species from their natural habitat and protected in a manmade environment. In order to gather resources for sustainable development, biodiversity must be protected and managed.

Three key goals of biodiversity protection are as follows:

  • to maintain the variety of species.
  • sustainable use of ecosystems and species
  • to protect vital ecological processes and systems that support life.

The term "biodiversity" describes the diversity of life on earth. There are several ways to conserve it:

  1. In-situ conservation: Conservation of animals in their natural habitat allows them to continue existing in their original populations.
  2. Ex-situ conservation involves removing some threatened species from their natural habitat and preserving them in an artificial setting.

Difference Between In-situ and Ex-situ Conservation

In-situ conservation

Ex-situ conservation

Wildlife is protected in its natural habitat.

In a synthetic ecosystem that replicates their natural home, species are preserved.

The natural ecosystem survives because the species are safeguarded in their native environments.

When the natural ecosystem cannot safeguard the organisms, they are removed.

The wild population protects the distinctive biological communities.

In particular, endangered species are protected.

Examples include national parks, biosphere reserves, and wildlife sanctuaries.

Zoos, botanical gardens, gene banks, etc. are a few examples.

Summary:

Differentiate between in-situ and ex-situ conservation?

Keeping species in their natural habitats, which support the survival of their native populations, is known as in-situ conservation. Ex-situ conservation refers to protecting endangered species in environments created by humans rather than keeping them in their natural habitat.

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