Difference Between Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad

By K Balaji|Updated : November 24th, 2022

The difference between Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council is that the former is the lower house of the state legislature in which members are elected directly by the people for a period of 5 years, while the latter is the upper house of the state legislature in which members are elected for a period of 6 years by the state legislative assembly, local bodies, etc.

The Indian political system is bicameral in the Centre and the states. As a result, the Parliament of India is divided into two houses legislative assembly and legislative council, also known as Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad, respectively. Learn the difference between Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad in detail below.

Difference Between Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad

In the state legislature, there are two houses, namely Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad. Some states consist of a single house, while others function with both houses. As per article 169, states having both houses of the state legislature are Karnataka, Bihar, Telangana, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh.

Difference Between Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad PDF

Here are the differences between Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council:

Legislative Assembly or Vidhan Sabha

Legislative Council or Vidhan Parishad

The legislative assembly is also known as Vidhan Sabha

The legislative council is also known as Vidhan Parishad

It is the lower house of the parliament

It is the upper house of the state legislature

The MLAs in the legislative assembly are appointed directly through voting in the election process

The members of the legislative council are appointed indirectly through a proportional representation system

Tenure for one group of the legislative assembly is 5 years after which it dissolves

The legislative council can never dissolve and every two years, 33% of members retire

It is present in all states of the country

It is presented only in the selected states

The strength should be more than 60 and less than 500 members

The strength should not be less than 40 members

Minimum to join the legislative assembly as an MLA is 25 years

The minimum age to join the legislative council is 30 years

Legislative assembly sessions are presided over by the speaker

Legislative council sessions are presided over by the chairman.

What is Legislative Assembly or Vidhan Sabha?

The legislative assembly, also known as Vidhan Sabha, is the lower house of the state legislature. The members of the legislative assembly are known as MLAs, i.e., members of the legislative assembly. They are appointed directly by the citizens of the country through elections and the voting process.

Each state has various constituencies, and one MLA is elected from each constituency. As per the Constitution of India, the total number of MLAs in the legislative assembly should not be less than 60 and more than 500. The tenure of one legislative assembly group is for five years.

What is Legislative Council or Vidhan Parishad?

The legislative council, also known as Vidhar Parishad, is the upper house of the state legislature. The legislative council is also known as the continuing chamber, like the Rajya Sabha. Currently, there are only seven legislative councils in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, and Jammu & Kashmir.

According to the constitution of India, the legislative council cannot have more than 40 members. The tenure of one group of legislative council group is six years. After every two years, 33.33% of its delegates retire.

Summary:-

The difference between legislative council and legislative assembly can be understood in terms of election procedure, number of members, functioning, etc. Vidhan Sabha, or the Legislative assembly, is the lower house, while the Vidhan Parishad or the Legislative council, is the upper house of the state legislature.

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FAQs on Difference Between Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad

  • The difference between Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad, or Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council, is that the legislative assembly is the lower house of the parliament. On the other hand, the Legislative council, also known as Vidhan Parishad, is the upper house of the state legislature.

  • Legislative Assembly, also known as Vidhan Sabha, is the Indian legislative body for all states and union territories of the country. The legislative assembly is primarily concerned with law-making, especially in areas where the Parliament of India cannot legislate.

  • No, Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad are not the same. Vidhan Parishad, or Legislative Council, is the upper house of the state legislature, whereas Vidhan Sabha or Legislative Assembly, is the state legislature's lower house.

  • No, Vidhan Sabha is not a permanent house of the state legislature. The members of the Vidhan Sabha change every 5 years and are elected by the people. Also, around one-third of members of the Vidhan Sabha retire after their second year in the Legislative Assembly.

  • The legislative assembly is present in all states of the country. In contrast, the Legislative council is only present in some selected states, namely, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, and Jammu & Kashmir.

  • The minimum age to join the legislative assembly is 25 years, whereas the minimum age to join Legislative Council is 30 years.

  • The Indian political system is bicameral in the Centre and the states. Hence, to understand all the parts of the system clearly, it is important to Know the difference between Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council.

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