Difference Between Rural and Urban
Human settlements are divided into two parts, namely rural and urban society. Both urban and rural areas play their role in describing our country, and rural areas are as crucial to our country as urban areas. Understand the difference between urban and rural based on the population size, type of development, division of labor, social mobility, environment, and lifestyle of people through the table given below.
Urban vs Rural
Go through the following table to learn 10 differences between rural and urban livelihood:
Cities, metropolitans, and suburbs can be termed urban areas.
When we talk about a rural area, we are primarily talking about a village.
Infrastructural and transit services are abundantly available in an urban area. For example, an urban area can consist of a railway line, airport, roads, and ports.
Infrastructural developments and connectivity aren't usually observed in rural areas.
The available land in an urban area is used for development. Usually, there isn't much vacant land in an urban area.
In a rural area, one can find vacant land without any signs of development.
Urban areas possess a high population density.
The population density is usually low in rural areas.
The people in these areas have a quick and complicated life due to stressful workloads.
Individuals living in rural areas have comparatively simple and relaxed lifestyles.
Around 35% of India's population lives in urban areas.
Around 65% of India's population resides in rural areas.
Residents can perform agricultural practices along with trade, commerce or other services.
The people are associated with agriculture and livestock.
Labour is divided for each task during the time of job allotment.
There is no division of labour available.
Urban individuals are highly intensive as they shift their work or dwelling frequently in search of better options.
Rural people are less intensive in terms of occupational or territorial mobility.
Due to automobiles, industries, warehouses, and factories, urban areas get polluted.
The level of pollution is low in rural areas as compared to urban areas.
To understand the distinction between urban and rural areas, one does not have to demean any human settlement.
- If urban areas promote industrialization, rural areas are known for their agricultural services.
- However, the government always tries to bring more social amenities to rural areas.
- By bringing more facilities to a rural area, the ecosystem and greenery of a village shouldn't be hampered.
Rural and Urban Meaning
Rural and urban areas are differentiated based on geography, population density, social amenities, education facilities, and many other factors. Any human settlement can either be a rural area or an urban area.
- The rate of economic development and industrialization in an urban area is high.
- Compared to an urban area, the rate of development in a rural area is low.
- Also, rural areas generally have less population density than urban areas. Similarly, several other factors can differentiate rural and urban regions, as mentioned in the table above.
Characteristics of Rural and Urban Areas
To know the characteristics of urban and rural settlements, read the important points below:
What is a Rural Area?
- ‘Rural’ is a region found on the outskirts. It indicates a small settlement outside the city boundaries, commercial or industrial area.
- Rural locations can comprise countryside places, towns, or villages, with uncultivated vegetation and open stretches.
- The population density in these areas is also significantly less.
- The fundamental source of revenue for the inhabitants is agribusiness and animal husbandry, along with setting up cottage industries.
- According to the planning commission, the rural definition in India is for those towns with a population below 15000.
- These areas are taken care of by Gram Panchayat.
- It is known that a maximum number of males are employed in farming and other related business in the villages, and there is no municipal board.
Features of Urban Area
- Urban simply defines that region or area which is densely occupied and contains the aspects of the man-made surroundings.
- Residents in urban locations are engaged in trade, business, or services.
- Urban settlement offers better employment opportunities as there is a tremendous boost in the growth of industries due to industrialization.
- These areas, along with cities, also comprise towns and suburban areas.
- Such an area offers comfortable access to various luxuries, adequate transport facilities, entertainment and schooling options, and healthcare establishments.
- Due to industrialization in urban areas, there is an increase in pollution and the spreading of human diseases because of the widespread usage of transport like personal cars and public vehicles like buses, trains, etc.