# Difference Between Synchronous and Asynchronous Counter

By Priyanshu Vaish|Updated : October 25th, 2022

A logic circuit is made up of a series of flip-flops that are used to count the number of inputs in the form of negative or positive edge transitions. The counter is classified into synchronous and asynchronous counters. The difference between synchronous and asynchronous counter can be identified according to the flip-flops that are triggered.

Difference Between Synchronous and Asynchronous Counter PDF

The difference between synchronous and asynchronous counter is that a synchronous counter is one in which all of the flip flops are timed at the same time using a common clock input. On the other hand, an asynchronous counter is a device in which all of the flip flops that comprise it are clocked with separate input signals at various points in time. Let us learn more in-depth about the difference between synchronous and asynchronous counter.

## Difference Between Synchronous and Asynchronous Counter

The difference between synchronous and Asynchronous counter is based on the clock signal, speed, etc. The table shows the difference between synchronous and Asynchronous counters.

 Synchronous VS Asynchronous Counter Synchronous Counter Asynchronous Counter In the synchronous counter, there are continuous clock input signals with flip-flops used to produce the output. In Asynchronous counters, different clock signals are used to produce the output. In the synchronous counter, the operation is faster. In the Asynchronous counter, the operation is slower. A synchronous counter is also known as a Parallel counter. The asynchronous counter is also known as the Serial counter. A synchronous counter produces less error than the asynchronous counter. An asynchronous counter produces more errors than a synchronous counter. The design of the Synchronous counter is complex. The design of the Asynchronous counter is simple. Synchronous counters can work with a flexible number of count sequences. Asynchronous counters can work with a fixed number of count sequences.

## What is Synchronous Counter?

A synchronous counter, also known as a parallel counter, is one in which all flip-flops are timed simultaneously with the same clock input. In the synchronous counter, all of the flip-flops in the cascade connection are separately linked to an external clock. This makes it easier to clock all of the flip-flops on the counter simultaneously with the same clock input.

As a result, the standard clock signal causes the state of each individual flip-flop to change at the same time. As a result, this counter has no ripple effect and hence no propagation delay. In synchronous counters, logic gates are employed to regulate the count sequence.

## What is Asynchronous Counter?

Before knowing about the Difference Between Synchronous and Asynchronous Counter, let us know about the asynchronous counter. An asynchronous counter is also known as a serial counter because the counter's flip-flops are connected serially, and the input clock pulse is delivered to the first flip-flop in the connection. The clock input ripples across the counter as the output of the first flip flop created by the clock signal is passed on to the next flip-flop in the forward direction.

Similarly, the current output serves as the clock input for the next, and so on. As a result, the timing signal in the asynchronous counter is delayed by some amount as it passes through each flip flop. As a result, there is a propagation delay.

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## FAQs on Difference Between Synchronous and Asynchronous Counter

• The main difference between synchronous and asynchronous counter is that to establish synchronization during data transfer, the transmitter and receiver share a standard clock in the synchronous counter. In contrast, each character in the asynchronous counter has its own start and stop bits.

• The speed difference between synchronous and asynchronous counter is that asynchronous circuits are often faster than synchronous circuits because they are free running and do not rely on the frequency of the clock. All state variable changes are synced with a global clock signal.

• The following are some popular applications and uses for synchronous counters: Clock, Alarm, Set the AC Timer, Set a timer on your camera to capture a photo, use a flashing light indicator in your car, and so on. Counting the time given by the scheduler for a specific operation or event.

• It is less difficult to construct than the Asynchronous counter. It works together. There is no propagation delay connected with it. Because the count sequence is regulated by logic gates, the risks of mistakes are reduced.

• The main difference between asynchronous up and down counter is that the output of the up counter is obtained from the non-inverting output ports of the flip-flops. The output of the down counter is obtained at the flip-flops' inverting output ports.

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