Difference Between Supreme Court and High Court | High Court vs Supreme Court

By Shivank Goel|Updated : January 18th, 2023

The Key Difference Between Supreme Court and High Court is that Supreme Court is the primary court of justice in the country, and the High court is the apex judiciary body. There are different types of courts. This includes the Supreme Court, High Court, and District Courts. The Supreme Court is the highest in India, followed by the High Court and the District Courts. The Supreme Court is the final court to appeal.

Difference Between Supreme Court and High Court PDF

There is only one Supreme court, but there can be one High Court for two or more states based on the area of jurisdiction. Though High Court judgments can be questioned, Supreme Court provides the final verdict. There are several other difference between the Supreme Court and the High Court that the country's citizens should know. Let's discuss the High Court vs Supreme Court in detail below.

Table of Content

High Court vs Supreme Court in India

The Supreme Court is the highest judicial authority in India, and the Chief Justice of India directs it. The headquarters of the Supreme Court is located in New Delhi. Supreme Court has more power than the High Court.

  • The President of India appoints the judges of the Supreme Court.
  • The High Court is the state's highest judicial body of Union Territory.
  • It consists of the chief justice and several other judges, and they are selected by the President of India.

Difference Between Supreme Court and High Court - Comparative Analysis

Let's Take a brief look at the High Court vs Supreme Court below. The Supreme court is at the top of the Judicial Hierarchy, while the High court stands second in the Judicial Hierarchy.

We have mentioned the Difference Between Supreme Court and High Court based on various factors below.

Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court

Factors

Supreme Court

High Court

Level

Apex Judicial Body

→Intermediate Level of Court and comes under the Supreme Court

→The highest court at State or UT level

No. of Courts

Only one

→There can be one High Court for two or more states based on the area of jurisdiction.

→25 High Courts in India.

Located in

Capital of India, New Delhi

Present in their respective states

Appeal

Supreme Court provides the final verdict on the appeal

High Court decisions can be challenged, and the appeal can be taken to the Supreme Court.

Judges

32 judges, out of which one is the Chief Justice of India

1104 judges, out of which 271 are additional judges and 833 are permanent. The High court is headed by one chief justice of the state, appointed by the Governor

Head of the Court

Chief Justice of India

Chief Justice of State

Judges Appointed By

The President of India

The President of India on the consultation of the Chief Justice of India and the State Governor.

Judge Retirement Age

65 Years

62 Years

Article of the Constitution Followed to Deal with Writs

Article 32

Article 226

Key Difference Between Supreme Court and High Court

The judicial system is an important part of the country. In India, there are several levels of the judicial system at the district, state, and national levels. The Supreme Court is the apex body of the judicial system.

  • This is followed by the High Courts and District Courts.
  • The Difference Between Supreme Court and High Court is due to the levels of the judiciary system.

The judicial system of India is a part of the UPSC Syllabus, and questions related to the High Court Vs Supreme Court can be asked in the IAS Exam, which is why candidates must have a clear picture of the difference between supreme court and high court.

Important Notes for UPSC
Difference Between National Anthem and National SongDifference Between Bhakti and Sufi Movements
Difference Between Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous ForestDifference Between Delhi and New Delhi
Difference Between Janapadas and MahajanapadasDifference Between FERA and FEMA

Comments

write a comment

FAQs on Difference Between Supreme Court and High Court

  • Yes, there is a Difference Between High Court and Supreme Court, such as The High Court functions at the state level.

    • There can be one High Court for two or more states, depending on the jurisdiction.
    • The Supreme Court is the highest body of the judiciary, with one court.
  • Yes, there is a disparity between the high court vs supreme court in terms of location as the Supreme Court is located in the capital of India, New Delhi. High Courts are located in their respective states.

  • The difference between high court and supreme court in appointing judges is that the President of India appoints the judges of the Supreme Court. The judges of the High Court are also appointed by the President of India but with the consultation of the Chief Justice of India and the State Governor.

  • Regarding the number of judges, the Supreme Court currently has 32 judges, including the Chief Justice of India. The High Courts have 1104 judges, out of which 271 are additional judges and 833 are permanent.

  • Below the Supreme Court are High Courts, the highest courts of law in the States. The High Courts are part of the Indian judiciary and process under the leadership, direction and authority of the Supreme Court.

  • The Supreme Court is the highest court in India and has been allocated a very influential position in the Indian democratic political system. A High Court handles the subordinate courts in the State, being the highest court in the State.

  • The high court is called the court of record as it has two powers: The High Courts' decisions, proceedings and actions are recorded for perpetual recollection and affidavit. These records are accepted to be of evidentiary significance and cannot be doubted when presented in front of any subordinate court.

Follow us for latest updates