Difference Between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies - Quasi Judicial Body vs Statutory Body

By K Balaji|Updated : January 24th, 2023

The Major Difference Between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies is that statutory bodies function in their own judicial autonomy; a quasi-judicial body is only allowed to function within the ambit specified by the appointing authority. It helps to take some of the caseloads off of the courts.

Difference Between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies PDF

The bodies that enforce, administer and listen to and consider the matters about law and order are called judicial bodies. The difference between statutory and quasi-judicial bodies is based on the various levels of autonomy and modes of operation of every such body that maintains the law. Let us check the difference between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies in detail.

Table of Content

Difference Between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies

Statutory bodies are organizations created by the government to evaluate information and render decisions in a particular field of activity. They are shaped by an Act of Parliament or state legislatures.

Although they are not courts, quasi-judicial bodies are institutions with authority similar to law-enforcing bodies. The following table clearly explains the difference between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies.

Quasi Judicial Body vs Statutory Body

Difference Between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies

Statutory Body

Quasi Judicial Bodies

A statutory body can be considered a corporate body with its own full autonomy.

A quasi-judicial body isn't fully autonomous; it operates under restrictions as stipulated by the agency that appoints it.

Statutory bodies have the power and authority to enact laws if the situation and conditions demand it.

Quasi-judicial bodies merely solve disputes and operate under the ambit of existing laws.

An example of a statutory body in India is the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC). Other examples are:

Central Information Commission (CIC)

Unique Identification Development Authority of India (UIDAI)

An example of a quasi-judicial body in India is the Railway Claims Tribunal. Other examples are:

Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG)

National Green Tribunal

Statutory bodies are not mentioned in the Constitution of India; therefore, they can be called non-constitutional bodies.

Quasi-judicial bodies act as a court of law that takes some burden off the actual courts.

An individual can also be a quasi-judicial body appointed by a suitable authority.

Departments or domains do not limit statutory bodies to operate and administer the law to the citizens.

They hear cases about everything.

A quasi-judicial body is only concerned with the domain it has been appointed for.

For example, the Railway Claims Tribunal is appointed to hear cases of railway claims only.

It cannot hear or handle other matters of law.

Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies

The purpose behind instating various types of bodies that can settle disputes, hear cases and administer the law is to maintain order in their jurisdiction's region. Below we have provided the difference between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies, along with a brief introduction.

What is a Statutory Body?

A statutory body is a judicial body instated by the State or the Central government to oversee law enforcement and hear the issues through legal hearings if a law has been broken or if there is a civil issue.

  • Additionally, statutory bodies can also enact laws.
  • Statutory bodies can decide and establish laws for their respective states or nations.
  • Legislation, or the process of enacting laws, is authorized by a statutory body.
  • To create this body, a cabinet decision must be adopted.

What are Quasi Judicial Bodies?

The word Quasi means Apparently or Seemingly (in simpler words, something that may not be the case). Thus, a Quasi-Judicial body can be defined as a body or a tribunal authorized to hear certain matters as a representative of the actual judicial body.

  • Quasi-judicial bodies can only work on existing laws, not enact them.
  • A quasi-judicial body needs factual findings to arrive at legal conclusions that support the ruling.
  • They typically rely on a predetermined set of guidelines or criteria to establish the nature and seriousness of the permission or relief requested or of the offence committed.
  • Decisions of a quasi-judicial body are frequently legally enforceable in accordance with a jurisdiction's rules; they can be contested in court, which serves as the final authority of disputes.

Conclusion:

Key Difference Between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies

The key Difference Between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies is that a statutory body can be viewed as a corporate body with its own full independence, while Quasi Judicial Bodies work under constraints as prescribed by the agency which establishes it.

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FAQs on Difference Between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies

  • The difference between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies is that Statutory Bodies are so-called because statutes are laws created by the legislature or the Parliament. Someone or something with authority similar to that of a court of law can be considered a quasi-judicial body.

  • A quasi judicial body acts under existing laws, and it was appointed specifically for the matters. The Lok Adalat, the National Green Tribunal (NGT), the Election Commission of India, etc., are some popular examples of quasi-judicial bodies in India.

  • Based on their permission to enact laws, the difference between statutory and quasi-judicial bodies, the authority to enact laws belongs to Statutory Bodies. The scope requires quasi-Judicial Bodies of existing laws to render judgements in disputes.

  • The National Investigation Agency, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), etc., are some good examples of statutory bodies in India. Statutory bodies have the ability and power to legislate ordinances if the situation and conditions require it.

  • The Difference Between Statutory and Quasi Judicial Bodies based on their function is that a Statutory body operates under the provisions of its own enabling lawmaking, whereas Quasi Judicial lessen the load of the courts as they can judge and determine sentences for the culpable.

  • An institution or person with authority resembling a court of law has been designated as a quasi-judicial body.

    • A body like this can judge a case, decide, punish the guilty, or control how someone or something behaves. 
    • The judiciary is strictly a part of the government, and a quasi-judicial body may be a public administration agency or a private law organization.

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