Difference Between Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha

By Ritika Pant|Updated : February 3rd, 2023

The major Difference Between Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha is the Rajya Sabha refers to the Upper House of the Indian Parliament, whereas Vidhan Sabha is the lower house of the State Legislature. Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha are legislature-making organizations of the Indian governing system. While both houses make decisions on legislation to be implemented, there is a difference between Vidhan Sabha and Rajya Sabha regarding the number of people, the election method, and how decisions are made.

Difference Between Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha PDF

Another Vidhan Sabha and Rajya Sabha difference is that Vidhan Sabha is also known as Legislative Assembly, and Rajya Sabha is known as the Council of States. This article discusses the difference between Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha based on various factors. It will give a clear picture of how Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha are different from each other.

Table of Content

Difference Between Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha

In preparation for self-governance post-independence, it was clear that a single elected government wouldn't suffice to govern the country; a second house called the "Council of States" was created. 

An important difference between Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha is that being a citizen of India is an essential criterion for being a member of the Rajya Sabha.

  • Members of the Rajya Sabha are elected by the members of the state assemblies and the Union Territories.
  • The President of India can elect 12 members in the house directly.
  • Vidhan Sabha is the lower house of the Legislative Assembly at the state level.
  • The lower house members are called Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs).

Rajya Sabha vs Vidhan Sabha

Difference Between Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha

Rajya Sabha

Vidhan Sabha

Rajya Sabha is the Council of States.

Vidhan Sabha is the Legislative Assembly.

Rajya Sabha is a permanent body.

A governor can decide to dissolve the Vidhan Sabha if a no-confidence motion is passed against the ministers of state.

Rajya Sabha is presided over by the Vice President of the country.

The Speaker presides over Vidhan Sabha meetings.

Rajya Sabha is the upper house of the Indian Parliament.

Vidhan Sabha is the lower house.

The elected members of Assemblies elect Rajya Sabha.

Citizens elect Vidhan Sabha members.

The minimum age for the Rajya Sabha is 30.

The minimum age for the Vidhan Sabha is 25.

Rajya Sabha can have up to 250 members.

Vidhan Sabha can have between 60 and 500 members.

Vidhan Sabha and Rajya Sabha

India has a bicameral system of governance at the centre and state levels. However, not all states follow it. Rajya Sabha represents the States in the Union of India. Vidhan Sabha is also called the First chamber because it is positioned below the Rajya Sabha. Below are some important facts about the difference between Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha based on their functions.

What is Vidhan Sabha?

Vidhan Sabha has the authority to make and change budgets and financial bills, but this can be done only at the state level. They can offer certain powers to some states like North East India, Jammu & Kashmir, etc., for their special problems.

  • Vidhan Sabha can make important committees concerning substantial issues of state, Centre-State conflicts and so on.
  • They can discuss and enact bills that need funds to be paid from the State Consolidated Fund.

What is Rajya Sabha?

Rajya Sabha has the authority to pass, change and abolish laws. They must consent to any non-financial bill even if authorized by Lok Sabha. They can suggest the appointment of the Judges and Governors of India. It can consult any concern connected to the state or central government.

Conclusion:

Key Difference Between Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha

The key Difference Between Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha is that Rajya Sabha is the upper house of the Indian Parliament. In contrast, Vidhan Sabha is the sole legislative body in all 28 states and three union territories whose primary duty is to make laws.

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FAQs on Difference Between Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha

  • The Difference Between Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha in terms of members is that Rajya Sabha can have up to 250 members, whereas Vidhan Sabha can have between 60 and 500.

  • Yes, Vidhan Parishad can be dissolved. Governor of the state can dissolve Vidhan Sabha, but the Rajya Sabha is permanent and cannot be dissolved. However, one-third of the Rajya Sabha members retire every second year and are substituted by new members.

  • The Difference Between Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha regarding who presides over the meetings is that the Vice President presides over Rajya Sabha, and Speaker presides over the Vidhan Sabha.

  • Each state has a legislative assembly or Vidhan Sabha. A state legislature with one House - State Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) - is a unicameral legislature. A state legislature having Vidhan Sabha and Vidhan Parishad is a bicameral legislature.

  • Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, and Vidhan Sabha are different forms of legislatures in the Indian Government system. The key difference between Lok Sabha vs Rajya Sabha vs Vidhan Sabha is:

    • Lok Sabha - Lower House of the Parliament. 
    • Rajya Sabha - Upper house of the Parliament.
    • Vidhan Sabha - Only House of the unicameral state legislature or the lower House of the bicameral state legislature.
  • The difference Between Rajya Sabha and Vidhan Sabha based on the minimum age to be elected is that the minimum age to be elected for the Rajya Sabha is 30.

    • For the Vidhan Sabha, it is 25.
    • Rajya Sabha is elected by the selected members of Assemblies, whereas citizens elect Vidhan Sabha members.

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