Difference Between Python and C++

By Aina Parasher|Updated : May 10th, 2022

Difference Between Python and C++: Python and C++ are two distinct programming languages with distinct features and behaviors. Both of these languages offer substantial support for object-oriented programming in common.

C++ was created to make programming easier and more enjoyable for individuals. Python, on the other hand, became well-known for its compact and easily-readable code, earning it high regard for its ease of use and simplicity among new developers. Let us discuss the difference between Python and C++ in detail.

Table of Content

What is Python?

Before discussing the difference between Python and C++, let us read about Python and C++ in brief. Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language that aids programmers in writing clear and logical code for both small and large-scale projects. 

Guido van Rossum created Python in 1991 as a general-purpose and high-level programming language. The simplicity of the Python language was a primary goal in its development. It has features such as indentation, which makes the code easier to understand, as well as library functions that make the language more powerful.

What is C++?

Bjarne Stroustrup created C++ in 1979 as a high-level, general-purpose programming language. It's a class-based extension of the C programming language. The C++ programming language was the first to introduce the notion of object-oriented programming. C++ is a general-purpose object-oriented programming language that enables procedural programming for CPU-heavy applications as well as hardware control. 

It was originally intended for system programming and embedded systems, but it has since been used to create a wide range of applications, including desktop applications, video games, servers such as e-commerce, Web search, and SQL servers, and performance-critical applications like telephone switches.   

Difference Between Python and C++

We have provided the difference between Python and C++ listed in the table below.

Python VS C++
PythonC++

Python makes writing code easier since the number of lines is smaller.

In comparison to Python, writing code in C++ is difficult owing to the sophisticated syntax.

Python is an interpreted language, which means it is compiled using an interpreter.

C++ is a pre-compiled programming language that does not require an interpreter to build.
Python is a dynamic programming language that simplifies collaboration and increases programmer productivity.C++ is a statically typed language. It wins the performance award for producing more compact and quicker runtime code.

The type of the parameter and the type of the return value are not restricted in Python functions.

The function in C++ can receive and return any kind of value that has previously been specified.
It supports Garbage collection.It does not support Garbage collection.
It can access variables outside the loops and blocks.It includes limited variables within loops and blocks.
It is easy to maintain.It is difficult to maintain.

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Difference Between Python and C++ FAQs

  • The main difference between Python and C++ is that C++ is a high-level, object-oriented programming language that allows you to write procedural code that is near to the CPU and gives you complete hardware control whereas, Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language that may be used to create a wide range of applications.

  • C++ is a computer language created by Bjarne Stroustrup in New Jersey in 1979. It's a general-purpose programming language, which means it may be used to create software for a wide range of purposes. Because it was established as an extension of the C language, it was formerly known as C with Classes rather than C++.

  • Python is a platform-agnostic programming language. It is an open-source language that allows you to run the same code on numerous platforms. Python is an object-oriented programming language with features such as dynamic type checking and readability.

  • The speed difference between Python and C++ is that C++ is faster than Python because it is statically typed, allowing for quicker code compilation. However, Python is slower than C++ because it enables dynamic type and utilizes an interpreter, which slows down the compilation process.

  • Based on extension, the difference between Python and C++ is that Python programs are saved with .py extension while C++ programs are saved with .cpp extension.


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