Difference between Private Bill and Public Bill

By Sudheer Kumar K|Updated : February 17th, 2021

There are two types of Bills introduced in the Parliament: public bills (government bills) and private bills (also known as private members’ bills). Both the bills are governed by the same general procedure and pass through three stages of reading in the House. However, they both differ in various respects as mentioned below:

Difference between Private Bill and Public Bill

S. No.

Private Bill

Public Bill

1

It is introduced by (a private member) any member of Parliament or state legislature other than a minister.

It is and can be introduced only by a minister.

2

It reveals the position of the opposition party on a public matter.

It shows the stand of the policies of the government.

3

It is unlikely to be approved by the Parliament.

It has a greater likelihood to be approved by the Parliament.

4

Its rejection by the House has no effect on the parliamentary confidence in the government or its resignation.

Its rejection by the House (particularly Lok Sabha) has implications on the parliamentary confidence in the government. It may lead to the resignation of the government.

5

To introduce this bill in the House, one-month notice is required.

To introduce this bill in the House, seven-day notice is required.

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