Difference Between National Anthem and National Song of India

By Ritika Pant|Updated : February 2nd, 2023

All citizens must know the Difference Between National Anthem and National Song, the two patriotic compositions accepted at the national level. A national song is a patriotic hymn authorized and recognized by the country's government, which one can sing at public events and functions. Singing the national anthem is compulsory during all-important public occasions, according to the Indian Parliament.

Difference Between National Anthem and National Song PDF

The national song of India does not have constitutional rights and is not included under a fundamental duty. A national anthem is a musical composition that highlights the country's history, tradition, and culture and is always sung at international sports events, historic days, etc. This article will present the significant difference between National Anthem and National Song. You may refer to this information for preparation for any competitive exams.

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Difference between National Anthem and National Song

The terms National Song and National Anthem are often used interchangeably, but these two mean different. Countries that do not have national songs consider the national anthem as their national song. A detailed difference between National Anthem and National Song of India is as follows.

National Song vs National Anthem

Difference between National Anthem and National Song

National Anthem

National Song of India

A national anthem reflects a country's tradition, culture, and history.

A national song presents the relevance to the country's population based on various factors.

It is a musical composition with a particular tune, timing, lyrics, and rules that should be adhered to while singing.

It can have many variations which depend on the language and traditional factors.

"Jana Gana Mana" is the National Anthem of India. It was composed by Rabindranath Tagore in the year 1911.

"Vande Mataram" is the national song of India. It was composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in the 1870s.

The tradition of embracing patriotic hymns or national anthems officially became popular during the 19th century.

National Songs were sung by most of the people who adopted it as the National Anthem. An example is “La Marseillaise”, composed during the initial years of the French Revolution.

According to Article 51A of the Indian Constitution, it is the duty of every Indian citizen to respect and honour the national anthem.

It does not have such constitutional privileges. It is not listed as a fundamental duty.

The Indian Parliament has made the singing of the national anthem compulsory during all public occasions.

The National song is given equal importance as the national anthem, but it is not compulsory to sing it on every occasion.

National Song and National Anthem

The national song and the national anthem are patriotic songs that relate to the diversity of a country. The national anthem is a formally adopted song by the government. Not every country has both.

National Song of India

The first political event when the National Song of India was sung was the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress. The National song is versed in the Sanskrit and Bengali languages. Some of the key features of the national song of India are:

  • Vande Mataram is the national song of India.
  • It was considered the national cry for freedom.
  • There are three different versions of 'Vande Mataram.'
  • All these versions are of different timings and tunes.
  • It was originally written in the Sanskrit language.

National Anthem

The National Anthem of India (Bharat Bhagya Bidhata) is a patriotic song that comprises thirty-two stanzas organized symmetrically into eight sections of four lines each. The key features of the national anthem of India are as follows:

  • The time duration of the national anthem is fifty-two seconds.
  • Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India.
  • It was originally written in the Bengali language.
  • Everybody must pay respect and stand while singing the national anthem.

Conclusion:

Key Difference Between National Anthem and National Song

The key Difference Between National Anthem and National Song is that Rabindranath Tagore composed the National Anthem of India (Jana Gana Mana) in 1911, while the national song of India (Vande Mataram) was composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in the 1870s.

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FAQs on Difference Between National Anthem and National Song

  • The major difference between National Anthem and National Song is that a national anthem cannot have variations. On the other hand, a national song can have variations.

  • The details about the National Anthem and National Song of India are as follows:

    • Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India. It does not have many variations.
    • Vande Mataram is the national song of India. It has three variations.
  • Vande Mataram is the National Song of India written by Bankimchandra Chatterji. On the other hand, Jana Gana Mana is the National Anthem of India, composed by Rabindranath Tagore.

  • The difference between National Anthem and National Song based on the years they were written is that the National Anthem was composed by Rabindranath Tagore in 1911, while Bankim Chandra Chatterjee wrote the National Song (Vande Mataram) in the 1870s.

  • The National Anthem of India was written to satisfy the British. It depicts a patriotic lyrical composition conveying and stimulating tributes to the chronology and customs of a country or nation.

  • The difference between the National Anthem and the National Song in terms of language is that the national song was originally written in Sanskrit. On the other hand, the national anthem was originally written in the Bengali language.

  • The song Vande Mataram, written in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji, inspired the people in their struggle for freedom. It has an equal status with Jana-Gana-mana. Vande Mataram was announced as the National Song of India in 1937.

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