Difference Between Mythology and History

By K Balaji|Updated : November 28th, 2022

The major difference between Mythology and History is that mythology does not have solid proof, whereas history can be proved with significant proof. The happenings of ancient times are always exciting for everyone. We hear many myths, stories, and tales of ancient times from our elders. The studies of ancient times help us in the present. We often hear the two standard terms of ancient times - mythology and history.

Differences between Mythology and History PDF

History is a combination of actual and well-proven facts, whereas it is not the same as mythology. Mythology lacks proper documentation and authentic proof to support the facts and numbers. This article will discuss the difference between Mythology and History based on various parameters.

Differences between Mythology and History

The significant difference between Mythology and History is that mythology is based on natural and supernatural beliefs and aspects. On the other hand, historical facts are based on real-life events that occurred in the past.

Key Differences between Mythology and History

Parameters for the Comparison

Mythology

History

Definition

Mythology refers to the analyzing of myths of ancient times; we can also say that mythology is the detailed study of myths in the past.

History refers to the study of events, people in the past, and anything specific that occurred in the past.

Support

You cannot support mythology with solid proof of evidence.

You can support the facts of history with events, dates, evidence, etc.

Academic Disciplines

Mythology can be associated with psychology, folklore, and anthropology.

History is used to create a link and a timeline between the past events.

Characters

Mythology discusses supernatural gods, demons, humans, and much more.

History talks about the events that happened in the past.

Area of Study

Symbolism hero

Religion

Theology

Creation

Nature

Diplomatic

Social

Technology

Military

Economic

Cultural history

Examples of mythology

Odyssey – is a famous book by Homer.

There are many books based on historical events.

Mythology and History

Apart from the mentioned differences, there are a few similarities between mythology and history which are elaborated on below:

  • Both history and mythology are a part of ancient events in which history is verified by proof, whereas any evidence does not verify mythology
  • The nature of stories is similar between mythology and history
  • Both mythology and history are different ways to look into the past

What is Mythology?

Mythology is defined as studying traditional gods, supernatural powers, heroes, demons, kings, etc. Mythology can talk about both creation and the destruction of the world. It contains stories about how God created this universe and what is the connection between God and men. The primary aim is to teach or convey moral code to the people.

The study of mythology is beneficial to students of all ages as they learn about the diverse stories and cultures of the past. Mythology also teaches students about the impact of the past on the present world.

What is History?

History is the study of changes in events across time. History contains events and happenings worldwide, such as political facts, cultural events, wars, economies, religious happenings, and much more. We have a proper record of all the historical facts.

History is a broad subject for researchers to study. It can be described as a never-ending loop of past events. Many historical documents like the Upanishads, Vedas, and much more contain records of the events.

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FAQs on Difference Between Mythology and History

  • The Major Difference Between Mythology and History is that one cannot support mythology with solid proof of evidence. On the other hand, History can be supported by events, dates, evidence, etc.

  • The Difference Between Mythology and History based on areas of study is as follows:

    Areas of study for Mythology are:

    • Symbolism hero
    • Religion
    • Theology
    • Creation
    • Nature

    Areas of study for History are:

    • Diplomatic
    • Social
    • Technology
    • Military
    • Economic
    • Cultural History
  • The Difference Between Mythology and History based on evidence is that you cannot support Mythology with solid proof of evidence, whereas you can support the facts of History with events, dates, evidence, etc

  • The Difference Between Mythology and History based on the characters and events discussed is that Mythology discusses supernatural gods and demons, and History talks about real-life people, events, and happenings

  • It is not correct to say that mythology and history are the same. Even though there are various similarities between the two, but some essential facts differ mythology from history. On the one hand, mythology can have no limitations, and it is almost impossible to prove it with facts, whereas on the other hand, history is proved with facts and only then is it considered trustworthy information

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