What are High-Level Languages?
Before knowing about the difference between high-level and low-level languages, let us explore high-level language. A high-level language is easy to read, write, and maintain by the human or programmer. These High-level languages are less memory efficient and these languages are simple to debug. The High-level programming language (HLL) is used for developing user-friendly software programs and websites. A high-level language is further divided into three parts first one is Procedural Oriented Programming (POP) language, the second one is Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) language and the third one is Natural language or human language.
What are Low-Level Languages?
Low-Level Languages are machine-friendly languages that are quite difficult to understand by human beings but very easy to interpret by machines. The Low-level language is a machine-dependent programming language. The processor runs the low-level programs directly without the compiler or interpreter which is why the programs written in low-level language can be run very fastly. This language is difficult to write, understand and debug due to this person moving toward high-level language. It is a series of bits of 0s and 1s or it performs short instructions like ADD, MOV, etc.
A low-level language is further divided into two parts, the first one is Machine Language and the second one is Assembly language (ASM). Let us now see the difference between high-level and low-level languages in the coming section.
What is the Difference Between High-Level and Low-Level Languages?
As we have seen a brief introduction to high-level and low-level languages. We will now explore the difference between high-level and low-level languages. The major differences between these two languages are explained in the table provided below:
Difference Between High-Level and Low-Level Languages
High-Level Languages are human-friendly language that is easy to learn and understand.
Low-Level Languages are quite challenging for humans to learn and understand.
They are executed at a slower speed as they require a translator program.
This language can execute at high speed.
These languages allow much more abstraction.
These languages have negligible abstraction.
These languages have a very low memory efficiency and consume more memory
These languages have a very high memory efficiency and consume less energy.
These languages are unable to provide many facilities at the hardware level.
These languages are machine friendly and very close to the hardware so it helps to write a program at the hardware level.
No need for hardware knowledge for writing programs.
Hardware knowledge is necessary for writing programs.
In these languages, modification of programs is easy for humans.
In this language, modification of programs is quite difficult for humans.
A single statement in this language may execute several instructions.
The statements in these languages can be directly redirected to processor instructions.
Programming, these languages are very common and widely used nowadays
For programming, these languages are not very common nowadays.
Machine language and Assembly language are the Low-Level Languages.