- It is popular in North India.
- Hindustani music is thought to have started in the Delhi Sultanate.
- Purandar Das was the founder of Carnatic music.
- Later, this musical style was developed by Tyagaraja, ShyamaShastri and Muthuswami Dikshitar.
Hindustani and Carnatic Music differ each other in spirit, theme, composition and instruments.
Differences between Hindustani Music and Carnatic Music
|Area of Difference||Hindustani Music||Carnatic Music|
- Hindustani music has its genesis much before Carnatic music.
- With the influence of due to Islamic and Persian, it has emerged as a distinct form of music.
- It incorporated Islamic traditions, Vedic chants, and Persian Musiqu-e-Assil.
- Carnatic is a purer form of music, which was evolved from ancient Hindu traditions.
- It was developed and became more popular during the Bhakti movement in the 15th to 16th century.
- Carnatic music got a major fillip during the 19th to 20th century.
|Spirit||Liberal||Highly conservative without scope for any experimentation.|
- Ragam, Thanam and Pallavi and Anu Pallavi. It is free from rigid norms.
- Raga based
- Stresses upon pure notes
- Raga essays (alapanas) are elaborated from note-to-note in Hindustani
- Ragam, Thanam, Pallavi, Anu Pallavi must follow each other.
- Gamaka-based Ragas
- Raga essays (alapanas) are elaborated from phrase-to-phrase
|Core of the Music|| Swaras (Pitch)||Rhythm (laya)|
Several sub-styles exists:
Drupad, Qawwai, Thumri, Khyal, Thappa Tirana, etc.
|Only one prescribed style|
- Dolak, Shehnai, Sitar are connected with Hindutani
- Sarangi is the key accompaniment
- Mrudangam, Nadaswaram, Ghatam (Pot) and Violin.
- Violin is the key accompaniment
|The concept of Upapakkavadyam|| does not exist ||exist|
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