Difference Between Himalayan and Peninsular Plateau | Himalayan vs Peninsular Plateau

By K Balaji|Updated : November 11th, 2022

The prime difference between Himalayan region and peninsular plateau is in terms of location. The Himalayan plateau is located in the northern region, whereas the peninsular plateau is located in the southern region. India offers a spectacle of natural landscapes. From the highest mountain peaks, deserts, and plateaus, to deep valleys. Plateaus are flat and raised landforms. These landforms are found in both the Himalayan and peninsular regions. Peninsula refers to a piece of land jutting into a water body and is surrounded by water from three sides. Another striking difference between Himalayan region and peninsular plateau is in the terms of their formation. The Himalayan region is a consequence of the collision of the tectonic plates. The peninsular plateau is formed as a result of the cooling of the molten lava and solidifcation of the rugged plateau.

There are several other Difference between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau based on the location, formation, rivers, and much more. This article will assist the candidates in getting abreast with the concept and parameters of both regions. The difference between Himalayan region and Peninsular plateau is carved to be a significant stratum of the UPSC syllabus. The candidates can get complete cognizance of all the factors and parameters.

What is the Himalayan Region?

The Himalayan plateau, also known as the Tibetan Plateau or the Roof of the World, is located in the northern region of India. It is around 4500 meters above sea level. On the other hand, the peninsular plateau is located in the southern region of India.

Recently, a team of scientists provided insights from their research on what makes the Himalayan-Tibetan plateau unique. The team reported that the Himalayan-Tibetan plateau largely contributes to understanding the formation of continental range-basin systems.

What is Peninsular Plateau?

Peninsular plateaus consist of igneous rocks and separate lava flows and are also referred to as Deccan traps. The peninsular plateaus are surrounded by the Western Ghats and Satpura Range of mountains.

The breaking and drifting of the Gondwana land, one of the plates formed after breaking the Panacea supercontinent, is believed to have formed the peninsular plateau.

Difference Between Himalayan and Peninsular Plateau PDF

Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau

There is a difference between Himalayan and Peninsular Plateau concerning their location, elevation, and formation.The Himalayan and Peninsular plateaus are two raised flat regions found in the north and south of India respectively. Both regions were formed in different ways. The following table lists the difference between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau. There is a contrast in the relief of the himalayan region and peninsular plateau.

Difference Between Himalayan and Peninsular Plateau

Parameter

Himalayan Plateau

Peninsular Plateau

Also Known As

Himalayan-Tibetan Plateau

The Roof of the World

Deccan Plateau

Located in

Northern Region

Southern Region

Type of region

Plateau with newly formed fold mountains.

Plateau is the oldest landmass

Formed by

Tectonic collision of the Indo-Australian and Eurasian plates.

Molten lava cooled and solidified into a rugged plateau.

Breaking down of the Gondwana land (ancient southern half region of the Pangean supercontinent)

Rivers origin

Rivers of the Himalayan plateau originate from the Himalayan ranges.

Snow-fed rivers

Perennial

Ganga and Brahmaputra

Rivers of the Peninsular plateau originate from the Western Ghats and Satpura range.

Rain-fed rivers

Non-perennial

Krishna, Kaveri, Godavari

Type of Valleys

Deep valleys

V-shaped

Shallow valleys

U- shaped

Marked with

Crescent arc shape region

Triangular tableland

Average Elevation

More than 14,800 feet

2,000 feet

Region composed of

Sedimentary rocks

Metamorphic and Igneous rocks

Stability

Highly unstable

Comparatively Stable

Hill Stations

Shimla, Nainital, Darjeeling

Ooty, Panchgani, Khandala

 

Important Notes for UPSC
Article 356 of Indian ConstitutionPortuguese in India
Cashless Economy In IndiaUPSC Cadre Allocation List
Financial Relations Between Centre and StateLargest Tribe in India
What is Flood?British Education System in India
CRR, Repo Rate and Reverse Repo RatePallava Dynasty

Comments

write a comment

FAQs on Difference Between Himalayan and Peninsular Plateau

  • The main difference between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau is that the Himalayan plateau is formed from young fold mountains and is still continuously being formed while Peninsular Plateau is formed by the disintegration of an ancient Godawan land which was a part of the Panacea supercontinent. The Himalayan plateau is located in the north of India while the Peninsular plateau is located in the south of India.

  • The rivers formed in the Himalayan region are snow-fed and perennial. The Himalayan plateau is located in the north of India. The Himalayan plateau is renowned as the Himalayan-Tibetan plateau and the roof of the world. The valleys in the region are V-shaped and deep valleys. The elevation is 14,800 feet. It is highly stable. It is composed of sedimentary rocks.

  • The Peninsular plateau is located in the south of India. Rivers in the Peninsular plateau on the other hand are rain-fed and non-perennial. The peninsular plateau is renowned as the Deccan plateau. The valleys in the region are shallow valleys, U-shaped. It is composed of metamorphic and igneous rocks.

  • The difference between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau in terms of stability is that the Himalayan region is continuously forming new fold mountains due to the subduction of tectonic plates so is considered to be unstable, whereas the Peninsular plateau is an ancient landmass and is highly stable.

  • Yes, there is a stark difference between the relief of the Himalayan region and peninsular plateau. The Himalayan region is located in the Northern region whereas the Peninsular plateau is located in the southern part.

  • There are some striking points highlighting the difference between Himalayan region and peninsular plateau. The Himalayan region comprises perennial, snow-fed rivers, and Ganga and Brahmaputra also originate from the Himalayan region. The peninsular plateau comprises the rivers originating from the western ghats and Satpura ranges. It comprises the non-perennial rain-fed rivers. Krishna, Kaveri, and Godavari also originates from the Peninsular plateau.

Featured Articles

Follow us for latest updates