What is the Himalayan Region?
The Himalayan plateau, also known as the Tibetan Plateau or the Roof of the World, is located in the northern region of India. It is around 4500 meters above sea level. On the other hand, the peninsular plateau is located in the southern region of India.
Recently, a team of scientists provided insights from their research on what makes the Himalayan-Tibetan plateau unique. The team reported that the Himalayan-Tibetan plateau largely contributes to understanding the formation of continental range-basin systems.
What is Peninsular Plateau?
Peninsular plateaus consist of igneous rocks and separate lava flows and are also referred to as Deccan traps. The peninsular plateaus are surrounded by the Western Ghats and Satpura Range of mountains.
The breaking and drifting of the Gondwana land, one of the plates formed after breaking the Panacea supercontinent, is believed to have formed the peninsular plateau.
Difference Between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau
There is a difference between Himalayan and Peninsular Plateau concerning their location, elevation, and formation.The Himalayan and Peninsular plateaus are two raised flat regions found in the north and south of India respectively. Both regions were formed in different ways. The following table lists the difference between Himalayan Region and Peninsular Plateau. There is a contrast in the relief of the himalayan region and peninsular plateau.
Difference Between Himalayan and Peninsular Plateau
Also Known As
The Roof of the World
Type of region
Plateau with newly formed fold mountains.
Plateau is the oldest landmass
Tectonic collision of the Indo-Australian and Eurasian plates.
Molten lava cooled and solidified into a rugged plateau.
Breaking down of the Gondwana land (ancient southern half region of the Pangean supercontinent)
Rivers of the Himalayan plateau originate from the Himalayan ranges.
Ganga and Brahmaputra
Rivers of the Peninsular plateau originate from the Western Ghats and Satpura range.
Krishna, Kaveri, Godavari
Type of Valleys
Crescent arc shape region
More than 14,800 feet
Region composed of
Metamorphic and Igneous rocks
Shimla, Nainital, Darjeeling
Ooty, Panchgani, Khandala