Difference Between Encoder and Decoder

By Mohit Uniyal|Updated : April 19th, 2022

Difference Between Encoder and Decoder: Both encoder and decoder are a type of combinational logic circuit. They are used to define one or more output states from one or more input states. Boolean algebra is used to implement the logic. The major difference between encoder and decoder is that the encoder produces binary code as output and the decoder receive binary code as an input.

The encoders and decoders are used for secure data transmission. In the coming sections, we will see what are encoders and decoders along with finding the difference between encoder and decoder. 

Table of Content

What is an Encoder?

Before finding out about the difference between encoder and decoder, let us explore in brief about encoders. The encoder is a type of combination logic circuit and is used specifically to convert the input signal as binary code. The encoder is a component that is used to transform an analog signal into a coded signal. 

If there are '2n' number of inputs in the encoder then it will generate 'n' number of outputs which will be a coded signal. For example, if there are 4 inputs in an encoder, then it will produce 2 outputs. Similarly 3 outputs for 8 inputs and so on

What is a Decoder?

The decoder is also a type of combinational logic circuit. The functioning of a decoder is opposite to that of the encoder. It is used to convert the coded inputs into original signals. The decoder is thus known as the component which is used to transform the coded signal back to the original signal.

If there are 'n' number of input signals in a decoder then it will produce the '2n' number of outputs. Internal logic circuits are used to convert the coded signal to the original form.

Let us now see the difference between encoder and decoder in the next section in detail.

What is the Difference Between Encoder and Decoder?

Apart from the use of the encoder being totally opposite to that of the decoder, there are other differences between the two. The difference between encoder and decoder is explained in the table provided below:

Difference Between Encoder and Decoder
EncoderDecoder
Used to convert raw signals to coded signals.Used to convert coded signals to the original or raw form of signals.

Input- 2n

Output - n

Input - n

Output - 2n

The operation of the encoder is a simple process.The operation of the decoder is a complex process.
Produces coded outputs.Produces active/raw/original outputs.
Uses OR gate.Uses AND gate along with NOT gate.
Example: video encoders, Emails, etc.Example: Memory storage devices, microprocessors, etc.

 

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FAQs

  • The major difference between encoder and decoder lies in their usage. An encoder is used to convert the raw signal to a coded signal and a decoder is used to convert back the coded signal to the raw signal.

  • An encoder is a combinational logic circuit that is used to convert the raw signals to desired outputs. An encoder is used to produce the binary coded signals. If there are 2^n number of input signals, then the encoder will produce n number of signals.

  • A decoder is a combinational logic circuit that uses AND gate along with a NOT gate to produce the raw signals from coded inputs. The decoder produces 2^n output signals from n number of input signals. Binary coded signals are converted into raw desire signals.

  • The difference between the encoder and decoder based on their operational process is that the encoder uses a simple process to operate and convert the signals whereas the decoder uses a complex process to comprehend.

  • In the encoder OR gate is used to perform the desired operation. The encoder only uses one gate to convert the signal to binary coded output. The decoder uses two signals namely AND gate and NOT gate to perform the desired work.

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