Difference Between Desktop and Laptop - Desktops vs Laptops

By Anjnee Bhatnagar|Updated : May 23rd, 2022

Difference Between Desktops and Laptops: With the growth of technology and automobiles, people started using electronic gadgets, specifically computers. To cut down their workload, people started relying on computers and laptops. It also saved a lot of time and increased productivity.

Charles Babbage launched computers in the 19th century and witnessed exponential growth in technological development worldwide. There are many similarities between desktops and laptops. As far as this article is concerned, we will only focus on the difference between desktops and laptops.

What is a Desktop?

It is a non-portable graphical user interface. It is a physical system consisting of a CPU(Central Processing Unit), a keyboard, a monitor, and a mouse. It requires a constant power supply to function.

Desktops are mainly used in office spaces and organizations where the portability of the systems is not required. Desktops were in high demand in the late 19th century and early 20s. Nowadays, laptops have replaced desktops because of their advantages over desktops.

Advantages of Desktop

In the early 19th century, the desktops came with the following advantages, which lured technological giants and people to use them to save energy and time. Following are the advantages:

  • Reliability
  • High disk space
  • Accuracy
  • High speed of data transmission
  • Long lifetime
  • Cheap cost

What is a Laptop?

It is an all-in-one portable computer. It runs on battery or AC power that lasts for hours. One can work remotely with laptops as they are easy to carry and compatible to work on. They basically have an LED or LCD screen.

In laptops, the keyboard, CPU, monitor, and mouse all are in-built. They are light in weight and small to carry to different work locations.

Advantages of Laptop

In the early 21st century, the world witnessed laptops replacing desktops. The difference between desktops and laptops is sure because of the advantages attached to laptops. The advantages of laptops are as follows:

  • Portability
  • Less power usage
  • The convenience of assembly
  • Lightweight and small

Difference Between Desktops and Laptops

Having discussed the utility and functionalities of both desktops and laptops, let us now discuss the difference between desktops and laptops, which are as follows:



Large in size.

Small in size.

Needs external peripheral devices to provide functionality.

It has in-built devices to provide functionality.

Runs on a power supply.

Runs on a battery and power supply.

It is not portable.

It is portable.

Has a powerful processor.

Not a powerful processor in comparison to desktops.

The number of data ports is more.

The number of data ports is less.

It is easy to repair a desktop.

Repairing a laptop is hard due to its complex structure.


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FAQs on Difference between Desktops and Laptops

  • Both desktops and laptops are used to compute and generate outputs. A desktop has external devices like a mouse, keyboard, printer, and CPU attached to it physically to compute a result, while a laptop has inbuilt hardware devices like a mouse and keyboard.

  • Any device connected to a computer externally or internally is called a peripheral device. Despite the difference between desktops and laptops, both make use of peripheral devices. A desktop has external peripheral devices, while a laptop has internal peripheral devices. Keyboard, mouse, printer, touchpad, etc., are peripheral devices.

  • The use of laptops has replaced desktops over time. This is due to the added advantages of laptops over the desktops, which are as follows:

    • Laptops are easy to carry (Portable)
    • Small and lightweight.
    • In-built peripheral devices.
    • Runs on battery.
    • Convenient to work from remote locations.
  • In terms of storage space, desktops are better than laptops. A desktop has a bigger storage space or memory area than a laptop. A laptop has limited memory. However, we can increase the memory by using bigger RAMs in laptops. Also, the processing speed of a desktop is fast than a laptop.

  • Every computer system has a CPU(Central Processing Unit). A CPU helps in the processing of data, it helps in arithmetic calculations and other control transfer executions. A CPU is the heart of the computer system. It is responsible for all logical and arithmetic calculations.

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