Difference Between Collector and District Magistrate
The district collector is the senior-most administrator magistrate. The purpose of a district collector was to collect the land revenue or supervise the process. However, after independence, the judicial powers of the collector were transferred to the Judicial officers of the district. On the other hand, the District Magistrate is an IAS officer responsible for maintaining the coordination of police in a district.
The difference between the two posts is given below, along with a brief idea about the work done by a District collector and a District Magistrate-
Who is a Collector?
A District Collector is the highest officer for revenue management in any district. His powers are restricted to solving revenue matters through the Divisional Commissioner and the Financial Commissioner. He tends to the irrigation dues, Income tax duties, and indirect taxes. Besides revenue, the District Collector has the role of maintaining the land records and statutory certificates.
Who is a District Magistrate?
A District Magistrate, popular with an abbreviated form of DM, is the highest executive magistrate officer in the district. He/She is a chief in charge of the general administration of the district and responsible for maintaining law and order of the district. Besides it, a District Magistrate is the head of the police and the prosecuting agency. However, the responsibilities of a DM vary from state to state.
The difference between Collector and District Magistrate in terms of meaning, powers, and responsibilities is in the table below-
Basis of Difference
A District Collector is the highest officer for revenue management in any district.
A District Magistrate, often abbreviated as DM, is the highest executive magistrate officer in the district.
The power of the district collector is given by the Land Revenue Code 1959.
The district magistrate gets power from the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), 1973.
A district collector has the following responsibilities:
A district magistrate has the following responsibilities:
Though there is a Difference Between Collector and District Magistrate, the two posts are also similar in some respects. For example, both coordinate the activities between various departments and agencies of their district. Moreover, both District Collector and a District Magistrate work toward implementing the Government's development programs in the district.