What is the Difference between CD and DVD?

By Anjnee Bhatnagar|Updated : June 17th, 2022

Difference between CD and DVD: To exchange information or data we need to store it, to store information we need storage devices apart from the RAM (Random Access Memory) or Main Memory. The requirement for more storage space gave birth to secondary storage devices. CD (Compact Discs) and DVD are secondary storage devices. We will learn about the differences between CD and DVD as we proceed further.

The data is extracted from the CD and DVD utilizing optical technology, specifically lasers. A laser beam is focussed into the CD or DVD in order to read and write the material (data) stored in the disc in the form of bits. In this article, we will keep our focus limited to the secondary storage devices like CD (Compact Disc) and DVDs, the history of CDs and DVDs, and the difference between CD and DVD.

Table of Content

Difference between CD and DVD

There are few differences between CD and DVD as the latter is derived from the former. Let us see the difference between CD and DVD listed in the table below:

Key Differences between CD and DVD

CD (Compact Disc)

DVD (Digital Video Disc)

They have single-layer pf pits.

They have a double layer of pits.

Channel Bit Length is 300 nanometers.

Channel Bit Length is 113 nanometers.

The thickness is 1.2mm.

The thickness is 0.6 mm.

Data Transfer Rate is 1.4 to 1.6 megabits per second.

Data Transfer is 11 megabits per second.

The recording layer is in proximity to the top of the disc.

The recording layer is in proximity to the middle of the disc.

The size is 700 Megabytes.

Size ranges from 4.7 Gigabytes to 17 Gigabytes.

What is a CD?

A CD (Compact Disc) is a secondary storage portable device. It is used to record, store audio and video, play audio and video, etc. It uses a 14-bit long code to store data. It is available easily and also inexpensive in comparison to other storage devices.

CDs (Compact Discs) are prone to scratches and are fragile. They can be reused and repaired but at the cost of readability errors. CDs work based on semiconductors.

History of CD (Compact Disc)

CD (Compact Disc) was invented in the year 1966 by an American, James Russell. Sony Corp. and Philips electronics were the first to purchase the licenses in the year 1980. The first CD player was released in 1982. Earlier there were only two manufacturers of compact discs that are Sony and Philips.

Right after its launch, there are many variations available in the market such as CD- Read-Only Memory, CD-interactive, CD-Rewritable, CD-Recordable, Photo CD, Video CD, etc.

What is a DVD?

DVD stands for Digital Video Disc or Digital Versatile Disc. It is an optimal storage device used for multimedia platforms. One of the differences between CD and DVD is that DVD (Digital Video Disc) represents the second generation of CD technology. It uses laser technology to read binary coded data encoded onto the disc.

DVD (Digital Video Disc) can store on both sides of the disc and are available in single as well as double-sided versions, this is one of the major difference between CD and DVD. It can hold more than 16 GB of information or data which is more than the capacity of a compact disc (CD).

History of DVD (Digital Video Disc)

In 1995 Toshiba Corporation and Time Warner Inc agreed to a format called DVD (Digital Video Disc) and the first DVD went on sale in Japan. DVDs became a standard media for watching serials and movies at home.

The next generation of DVD is termed High definition or HD technology. HD technology provides better picture quality and random access to the information stored.

Check out some important topics related to the difference between CD and DVD in the table provided below:

Difference Between mealy machine and moore machineDifference between osi and tcp ip model
Difference Between stack and queue Difference Between Linear and Non-Linear Data Structures
Difference Between overloading and overridingDifference between scripting language and programming language
Difference Between Array and List in PythonDifference Between Website and Web application

Comments

write a comment

FAQs on Difference between CD and DVD

  • In terms of numeric aperture, CD and DVD differs. A compact disc or CD has a numeric aperture of 0.45 while a digital video disc or DVD has a numeric aperture of 0.6. There are a lot of differences between CD and DVD in terms of various parameters like thickness, data transfer rate, etc.

  • To correct errors, CD and DVD use different methods and technologies. In compact disc the error correction codes used are CIRC and EFMP while in DVD error correction codes used are RS-PC and EFM plus.

  • The difference between CD and DVD in terms of space present between the pits is as follows in the compact disc the space present between the pits is about 0.834 micrometres, while the total space present between the pits in a DVD is about 0.40 micrometers.

  • The data transfer rates of a CD and DVD are different from each other. The data transfer rate of a compact disc or CD ranges from 1.4 Megabits per second to 16 Megabits per second. While a DVD has a data transfer rate of 11 Megabits per second.

  • Compact discs are designed for various purposes and are specific to use. The different types of compact discs available in the market are CD-ROM, CD-Rewritable, CD-Interactive, CD-Recordable, and Video CD etc.

Follow us for latest updates