Difference between Cabinet and Council of Ministers
Below, the difference between Cabinet and Council of Ministers is given in a tabulated form for your reference. Although there is a difference between the Cabinet and Council of Ministers, both support the Prime Minister in suggesting improved methods and working towards developing and implementing improved policies.
Below is a tabular representation of the difference between Council of Ministers and Cabinet based on factors like level of seniority, the strength of members, decision-making role, and the number of meetings they conduct.
Cabinet and Council of Ministers
|Cabinet vs Council of Ministers|
Council of Ministers
Level of Seniority
Cabinet Ministers meaning is that these are senior ministers with the most experience and influence.
Junior ministers with less experience.
Type of Body
It was granted a constitutional body status after the enactment of the 44th Amendment or Constitutional Amendment Act of 1978.
It is regarded as a constitutional body.
Strength of Ministers
15 to 18
Not fixed but mostly around 40 to 60
(Ideally, it should not be more than 15 percent of the Lok Sabha strength).
Important ministries under Central Government are Home Affairs, Finance, Defense, Health, Education, Road Transport and Highways, and External Affairs.
Cabinet Ministers: Senior ministers in charge of major ministries
Ministers of State: Take charge of smaller ministries. However, they still work under the guidance and supervision of the Cabinet Ministers.
Deputy Ministers: They do not get any independent charge. They assist the Cabinet Ministers.
Frequency of Meetings
- Decides and develops new policies
- Coordinates and supervises the implementation
Implements the policies developed by Cabinet Ministers
Cabinet Minister and Council of Ministers
The Council of State is also referred to as a cabinet. Council of Ministers is a conventional title assigned to the supreme executive organ in some countries. It is usually comparable to the cabinet. The distinct functions and responsibilities of the Council of Ministers and Cabinet Minister in India are mentioned below.
Who are Council of Ministers?
The highest governing body of the Indian government is the Union Council of Ministers. The council governs the country and advises the President of India. The leaders of each executive government ministry sit on it, which is presided over by the prime minister.
- The council currently has 29 members, including the prime minister, and is presided over by Narendra Modi, the current prime minister.
- The Indian Parliament has jurisdiction over the council.
- The Council of Ministers works together to effectively respond to new challenges and the unique needs of modern India.
- The President of India appoints the Council of Ministers as advised by the Prime Minister.
- Article 74 and Article 75 provide detailed information on the provisions associated with the Council of Ministers.
Who is Cabinet Minister?
A cabinet minister is a minister of the executive of a government that has been nominated to the cabinet, which comprises the prime minister's top advisers, counsellors to the prime minister, and overseers of other government departments.
The top decision-making body in India is a smaller executive body known as the Union Cabinet, a subset of the Union Council of Ministers and includes individuals holding significant portfolios and ministries.
Key Difference between Cabinet and Council of Ministers
The key Difference Between Cabinet and Council of Ministers is that a cabinet minister is a minister of the executive of a government-appointed to the cabinet. Whereas the Council of Ministers is the highest governing body of the Indian government, which is responsible to advise the President.