Differences Between Bureaucracy and Democracy
The word democracy is derived from Demos, meaning people, and Kratos, meaning rule. The word bureaucracy is derived from Bureau, meaning office, and Kratos, meaning rule. Historians have credited Vincent de Gournay, a French philosopher, for introducing the word bureaucracy. The German sociologist Max Weber was the first to emphasize bureaucracy's importance. Some important Difference Between Bureaucracy and Democracy are listed below, along with a brief overview of each-
The relationship between bureaucracy and democracy is both paradoxical and complementary, and it lies in the growth of bureaucratic rule and its advanced effectiveness.
- The word bureaucracy suggests a complex system with multiple layers and practices.
- The systems involved in a bureaucracy make the decision-making process a bit slow.
- Bureaucracies can generate formal and inflexible plans, which is required when following security methods are critical.
- The term bureaucracy is usually blamed and supposed to be unfavorable because of the sense that processes are more crucial than efficiency.
- Unlike a democracy, bureaucracy has officials or non-elected government officials that work in a government.
- A good example of bureaucracy is The Glass-Steagall Act in the USA.
- The word democracy is derived from Demos, meaning people, and Kratos, meaning rule.
- Control over government decisions about guidelines is constitutionally granted to elected officials.
- All individuals have the right to vote in the election of officials.
- Residents have a right to express themselves without the risk of harsh punishment on political issues broadly defined.
- Citizens also have the right to form independent alliances or organizations, including independent political parties and welfare groups.
- The government is self-governing; and capable of acting independently of restrictions imposed by others.
Here is a detailed explanation of how Democracy and Bureaucracy differ in terms of their respective features-
Type of management system
Democracy / Government by People
Bureaucracy / Government by Offices
Election of Leaders
Leaders are elected by the people of the country.
Bureaucrats are selected by following specific procedures.
Status of leaders
Leaders work for people and are considered officials who represent the people.
Bureaucrats do not represent people.
Basis of functioning
Democracy works on the values of Federalism, Republicanism, Equality, and more.
It focuses on hierarchy and centralization.
Development and implementation of laws and policies
Tenure of Service
Leaders are elected for a short duration of 5 years.
Bureaucrats are hard to remove. A bureaucrat's tenure of service is till the fixed age of retirement, which generally depends on the role and responsibilities.
Democracy does not hold great accountability. In case of poor accountability, corruption exists.
Bureaucracy provides a sense of accountability to the system.
Freedom of expression
Democracy grants freedom of expression.
Bureaucracy doesn't grant freedom of expression.
There is a Difference Between Bureaucracy and Democracy at several levels. Both democracy and bureaucracy share a set of issues and benefits. However, a strong link exists between the two management systems. It is challenging to work as a government authority without professional structures.