What is a Break Statement?
The “break” keyword is used to terminate the execution of the current loop in which the it is used. The break keyword is most widely used in control statements of C language such as with for loop, while loop, do-while loop and switch statements. Whenever the compiler encounters a break statement, the control is transferred to the statement that follows the loop in which the break statement is present.
The syntax of break statement is as follows: break; (The keyword “break” followed by a semicolon.)
Example of break statement:
Output: 0 1 2 3 4
As it can be seen from the above example that as soon as the value of a becomes equal to 5 the break statement is executed and the control jumps out of the loop, bypassing its normal termination expression.
What is a Continue Statement?
The continue statement just like the break statement can only appear in the body of the loop. Whenever the compiler encounters a continue statement, then the rest of the statements of the loop are skipped and the control is transferred to the nearest loop continuation portion of the enclosing loop. The keyword “continue” is also frequently used in control statements like for loop, while loop, and do-while loop. The syntax of the continue statement is as follows: continue; (The keyword “continue” followed by a semicolon.)
Example of continue statement:
for(a=0; a<=10; a++)
Output: 0 1 2 3 4 6 7 8 9 10
Here as soon as a becomes equal to 5, the continue statement is encountered, so the printf statement is skipped and the next iteration is executed by the compiler.
What is the Difference Between Break and Continue Statement?
Having discussed the break and continue keywords individually now we will learn about the difference between break and continue statements. The difference between break and continue statements are as follows:
It is used to exit from the loop.
It is not used to exit from the loop.
It results in the control transfer out of the loop in which the break keyword appears.
It results in the skipping of the current iteration of the loop and continues from the next iteration.
It results in the loop's early termination.
It causes the next iteration to start earlier.
The 'break' command terminates the loop.
'continue' does not stop the loop from continuing, merely the current iteration.